配资推荐聚股盘

“六经皆史”与马克思主义中国化——经史观及其方法论启示

来源:开放时代 作者:张城 时间:2020-03-20
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配资推荐聚股盘MOSHENWAIGUA,DINGXIAOYUWOBUAINI,HAIYANGSHENGWUZIYUAN

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【内容提要】经史关系是中国思想史的核心问题,贯穿于周秦以来历史发展的全过程。中国共产党一经成立即面临自身独有的经史关系,即马克思主义之“经”与中国实践之“史”的关系,核心命题即马克思主义中国化。值得特别注意的是,马克思主义中国化与“六经皆史”处理经史关系的方法论十分相似。而这并非巧合,有其理论渊源:一方面,中国共产党是中华民族优秀文化之继承者,建党伊始就自觉从中汲取养分;另一方面,范文澜作为关键人物,成为毛泽东与章学诚二者之间的思想榫卯。就在马克思主义中国化命题提出之际,范文澜抵达延安,其所提出的中国经学史演变之宏论深为毛泽东器重。面对类似的经史关系问题,又有关键人物为思想之榫卯,“六经皆史”论与马克思主义中国化二者之间,就产生了内生性逻辑关联,极具方法论启示之意蕴。

【关键词】六经皆史,马克思主义中国化,章学诚,范文澜,毛泽东

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一、引言:一脉相承的经史问题意识

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二、“六经皆史”:章学诚的经史观

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(一)章学诚的经史论

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(二)章学诚的认识论

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HEWEIDAO?《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAO》KAIPIANYUN:“DAOZHIDAYUANCHUYUTIAN”,“DAOZHE,WANSHIWANWUZHISUOYIRAN,ERFEIWANSHIWANWUZHIDANGRANYE”。30DAOJISHEHUIFAZHANZHIBIRANQUSHI,YUSHENGRENWUGUAN。“SHENGRENCHUANGZHI,ZHIJUESHISHICHUYUBUDEBURAN,YISISHUZHIBIXUWEIGE,HANZHIBIXUWEIQIU,ERFEIYOUSUORONGXIN。”31YOUCIZHANGXUECHENGPANDING:“SHUWEIJINDAO?YUE:BUZHIQIRANERRAN,JIDAOYE。”32TACHANGTANDAOZHIBUMINGJIUYI,ERSHIRENBUXIAO,“BUZHILIUJINGJIEQIYE”33。DAOWUKEJIAN,ZHONGRENZIBUBISHUO,SHENGRENYOUHEYIQIUDAO?DAOSUIBUKEJIAN,DANYOUYIYINYIYANGZHIJIJIQI,DAOBULIQI,“ZHIDAOQIHEYI,FANGKEYANXUE”34。SHENGRENJIEQIYIJIANDAO。“《LIUJING》JIESHIYE。XINGERSHANGZHEWEIZHIDAO,XINGERXIAZHEWEIZHIQI。……DIANZHANGSHISHI,ZUOZHEZHISUOBUGANHU,GAIJIANGJIQIERMINGDAOER。”35GUDAOYUQIZHONGFANGNENGQIUZHI。

配资推荐聚股盘HEWEIQIUDAOZHIFANG?“FUDAOBEIYULIUJING,YIYUNZHINIYUQIANZHE,ZHANGJUXUNGUZUYIFAMINGZHI。SHIBIANZHICHUYUHOUZHE,《LIUJING》BUNENGYAN,GUGUIYUE《LIUJING》ZHIZHIERSUISHIZHUANSHUYIJIUDADAOYE。”36DAOYUANYUTIAN,DAOZUOWEIJUEDUIZHENLI,SHIWUSHUXIANGDUIZHENLIZHIZONGHE。LISHIZAISHIJIANZHONGXIANGQIANFAZHAN,XIANGDUIZHENLIYIBUDUANFENGFU。ZHENGRUYUYINGSHISUOYAN:“SHIZHAIDEBENYISHISHUOLIUJINGDANWEIMOUYIJIEDUAN(JIGUDAI)ZHISHI,ERFEISHIZHIQUANCHENG。YIYANZHI,LIUJINGJIESHIERSHIBUJINYULIUJING。BIXURUCIXIAZHUANYU,‘LIUJINGJIESHI’DEQUANFUHANYISHINENGXIANXIAN。……SHIZHAIYI‘DAO’ZAILISHIJINCHENGZHONGBUDUANZHANXIAN。LIUJINGJIZHISHIGUSHI,ZEZUIDUOZHINENGTOULUYIXIE‘DAO’ZAIGUDAIFAZHANDEXIAOXI。ZHIYU‘SHIBIANZHICHUYUHOUZHE,LIUJINGBUNENGYAN’;SANDAIYIXIAZHIDAOBIANZHIYOUQIUZHIYUSANDAIYIHOUZHISHILE。”37LIUJINGZHINENGMINGSANDAIZHIDAO,JI“YIYUNZHINIYUQIANZHE”,ER“SHIBIANZHICHUYUHOUZHE”ZECHAOCHULIUJINGFANWEI,XU“SUISHIZHUANSHUYIJIUDADAO”。ZHANGXUECHENGFEIHAOGUZHIREN,DANTEBIEQIANGDIAOGUIYUELIUJINGZHIZHI,DUIJINGSHIZHIYONGZHIDAOCONGBUDAIMAN,“ZHIYUGUERYOUYONG,ZEJIYUSHENMINGXUNZHIYI!”38“WEIYOUBUYUGUXIANSHENGWANGZHIDAODEQIFANGFOZHEYE。”39YISHENXUNZHI,KEJIANQIFENLIANGZHIZHONG,TONGSHIYOUXUSUISHIZHUANSHU,BUDUANJIESHIDAOZHIHUIHONGQUANTI。

配资推荐聚股盘HOUCHUZHIDADAO,LIUJINGBUNENGYAN,ZESHISHIHUISHIRAN。“JUNSHIFENERZHIJIAOBUNENGHEYUYI,QISHUZHICHUYUTIANZHEYE。”40YOUCI,XUEZHEBUKEBAOSHOUCANQUE,SHEJINERQIUGU,“SONGFASHENGRENZHIYAN,YIWEISHENGRENBIEYOUYIDAOZAIWOBEIRIYONGSHIWEIZHIWAIER”41。YINCI,BIXUYUSHIJUJIN,JINGSHIWEIBEN,YISHIWEIDA,CIJI“LIUJINGJIESHI”LUNZHIJINGSUISUOZAI。SANDAIYIQIAN,SUOXIJIEZAIGUANSIDIANSHOU,“XUEZHOUGONGERYI”。ERHOUSIXUEBOXING,ZECHUYUSHIZHIBUDEYI。“‘YILIWEISHI’,SANDAIZHIJIUFAYE。QINRENZHIBEIYUGUZHE,JIN《SHI》、《SHU》ERJINYIFALVWEISHIER。SANDAISHENGSHI,TIANXIAZHIXUE,WUBUYILIWEISHI。……QINZHIBEIYUGUZHEDUOYI,YOUYOUHEYUGUZHE,‘YILIWEISHI’YE。”42DUICI,ZHANGXUECHENGZHIWEIPIYIFALVWEISHI,DUIQINRENHUIFUGUZHISHENYIWEIRAN。TONGSHITAYOURENWEIBUNENGMANGMUFUGU,TEBIEZHICHU“YILIWEISHI”ZHIQIANTISHI“LI,SHIWEIDA”。“《CHUAN》YUE:‘LI,SHIWEIDA。’YOUYUE:‘SHUTONGWEN。’GAIYANGUISHIWANGZHIZHIDUYE。”43DUIFAXIANWANGYIHUOFASHIWANG,TATUICHONGHOUZHE。“BA‘LIUJINGJIESHI’SHUOHANYITUITUOZHIJI,SHIZHAIBIANWUKEBIMIANDIHUIDEDAO‘GUISHIWANGZHIZHIDU’DEJIELUN,YINWEISHIDAIYUJINBIANYUKEJIAN‘DAO’DEZUIXINMIANMAO,ERSHIWANGZHI‘ZHENGDIAN’YEBIRANJIANGCHENGWEIHOUSHIDE‘LIUJING’YE。”44BUNENGSHEQIERQIUDAO,SHEJINERQIUGU,XUYISHIWANGZHIZHIDUWEIBEN,“JUNZIGOUYOUZHIYUXUE,ZEBIQIUDANGDAIDIANZHANGYIQIEYURENLUNRIYONG,BIQIUGUANSIZHANGGUERTONGYUJINGSHUJINGWEI”45。

(三)章学诚的实践论

QIUDAOBIQIUYUZHENGJIAODIANZHANG。QIJI,JICUNYUZHONGRENBUZHIQIRANERRAN,“XUEYUZHONGREN,SIWEISHENGREN。FEIZHONGKEXUEYE,QIUDAOBIYUYIYINYIYANGZHIJIYE。……GAIZIGUSHENGREN,JIEXUEYUZHONGRENZHIBUZHIQIRANERRAN”46。CINAIZHANGXUECHENGFANGFALUNZHIZHENDI,KANSIZUNFENGYILIWEISHI,TUICHONGFASHIWANG,ZHUZHANGSHENGRENSHIGUAN,DANBINGFEIRUCI,“GUYANSHENGRENTIDAOKEYE,YANSHENGRENYUDAOTONGTIBUKEYE”47。ZHANGXUECHENGBOCHILE“SHENGRENYUDAOTONGTI”DESHENMIGUANNIAN。“XUEYUZHONGREN,SIWEISHENGREN”,CIYUDAOPOXUANJI,SHUOMINGQIZUNXUNQUNZHONGLUXIAN,JIANSHOUQUNZHONGSHIGUAN,BEIHOUWAILUCHENGWEI“QIANJIASHIDAIDEGUANGHUIDEMINGTI”48。

SHENGRENRUHEXUEYUZHONGREN?ZHEIYOUCHONGFENZHANGXIANLEZHANGXUECHENGDESHIJIANLUN。“DADAOZHIYINYE,BUYINYUYONGYU”。49ZHONGRENSUIBUNENGZHIWANSHIWANWUZHISUOYIRAN,ERZUOWEIZONGTIXINGGAINIANZHIZHONGRENQUEBAOHANWANSHIWANWUZHIDANGRAN,BUZHIQIRANERRANJIWEIDAOZHIJI,QISUOHANYUNDEZHENGSHIJINGSHIZHIDAO。TONGSHI,“TIANXIAYOUGONGSHI,CHENGYUZHONGRENZHIBUZHIQIRANERRANYE,SHENGRENMONENGYIYE”。50SHENGRENXUJIECIJIFANGNENGJIANDAO,“FEIZHONGKEXUEYE,QIUDAOBIYUYIYINYIYANGZHIJIYE”。YOUCI,SHENGRENXUDUIZHONGRENDEYIYINYIYANGZHIJIJIDAOZHIJIJINXINGSHENDUJIAGONG,“ZIYOUTIANDIERZHITANG、YU、XIA、SHANG,JIJIDUOERQIONGBIANTONGJIUZHILIYIDABEI”51。ANZHAOJINGSHIZHIYAOQIU,SHENGRENBAZHONGZHIJI(DAOZHIJI)ZHONGDE“QIONGBIANTONGJIUZHILI”JINXING“JINGLUNZHIZUO”,BIANCHENGLIUJINGDENGJINGDIANYICHUIXUNHOUSHI,JIDAOZHIQI。CIDAOZHIQIFEIKONGYAN,JIEQUYUGUANSIDIANSHOU,“BISHICONGSHIYUXUEZHE,RUERSHENQIZHANBI,CHUERJIJIANZHENGJIAODIANZHANGZHIXINGSHI,SHIYIXUEJIEXINERYOUZHENG”52。LIUJINGDENGDAOZHIQIJINGGUOSHIJIANFANFUJIANYAN,YOUKEJINXINGLILUNTICHUN,“GUIYUELIUJINGZHIZHI”YONGYIZHIDAOZHONGREN,BIANCHENGDAOZHILI。YUYINGSHICENGYANQISHIQIANMUDUIZHANGXUECHENGDE“SHENGRENXUEYUZHONGREN”SHENWEITUICHONG,RENWEIZHEISHIZHANGSHISUOCHIZUIJINGYILI,BINGYANSHENSHUODAO:“RUJIADEJIAZHIXITONGBINGBUSHIJIGEGUSHENGXIXIANPINGKONGCHUANGZAOCHULAIERQIANGJIAYUZHONGGUORENDESHENSHANGDE。XIANGFANDE,ZHEITAOJIAZHIZAOJIUQIANCUNZAIZHONGGUOWENHUA——SHENGHUOFANGSHIZHIZHONG,BUGUOYOUSHENGRENZHENGLICHENGWEIXITONGERYI。ZHENGSHIYOUYURUJIADEJIAZHIXITONGSHICONGZHONGGUORENRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGTILIANCHULAIDE,SUOYITACAINENGFANGUOLAIFASHENGNEIYANGSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。”53YOUCI,WOMENKEQINGXISHULICHUZHANGXUECHENGDERENSHILUNYIJISHIJIANLUN:SHENGRENBIXUXUEYUZHONGREN,DAOZHIJI(ZHONGRENZHIGANXINGCAILIAO)——DAOZHIZUO(SHENGRENJINGLUNZHIZUO)——DAOZHIQI(BIANJIWEIJINGDIAN)——DAOZHILI(BIANWEIZHIDAOSHIJIANDESIXIANG),YOUSHIJIANZHISHENRUSUISHIZHUANSHUYIJIUDADAO。ZHENGRUWANGHUISUOYAN,ZHANGXUECHENGDE“LIUJINGJIESHI”SHUO“QUELILEYIZHONGLIJIEJINGSHIGUANXIDEFANGFALUNSHIYE”,QI“NEIZAILUOJI”SHI“ZHISHIYINGGAIYUSHIJIANHEYI,SHIJIANZONGSHINEIZAIYUZHIDUDESHIJIAN,ZHIDUYOUZONGSHICUNZAIYUZIRANDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG;……ZHEIJIUSHIZHIXINGHEYI,ZHEIJIUSHIZUOWEILUNLIYUZHENGZHIDEFANSIDESHIXUE,ZHEIJIUSHIYISHIXUEXINGSHICHUXIANDESHIJIANLUN”54。

ZAIZHANGXUECHENGKANLAI,ZHUZIZHIHUANQIYUSIERBUXUE,SHIRUZHIHUANQIYUXUEERBUSI。BIXUXUESIJIEHE,JIBUNENGWUQIYIWEIDAO,GENGBUNENGLIQIERYANDAO,LISHIERYANLI,SHEJINERYANGU。“FUSI,YIXUEZHEZHISHIYE。ERBIESIYUXUE,RUOWEISIBUKEYIYANXUEZHE,GAIWEIBIXIYUSHIERHOUKEYIYANXUE,CIZEFUZIHUIRENZHIXINGHEYIZHIDAOYE。”55XIYUSHINAISIZHIGENBEN,XUEZHIDAYUAN。HANSONGZHIZHENGZHISHIZHENGMINGERYI,YUSHIWUBU,YUDAOWUYI。YOUCIKEJIAN,“LIUJINGJIESHI”DESHIZHIJIDAOQIHEYI,XUESIHEYI,ZHIXINGHEYI。“‘LIUJINGJIESHISHUO’SHIZHANGXUECHENGDE‘JINGSHI’LILUN,SHITADELISHIZHEXUEDEHEXIN。‘LIUJINGJIESHISHUO’SHIZAIQIANJIASHIDAIHANXUESHENGXING、SONGXUERENGZHANYOUSHIDELISHITIAOJIANXIATICHUDE,BINGYIZHIFANDUI‘HANXUE’、‘SONGXUE’DEPIANSHIDE。ZAIDANGSHI,TAYOUSUOLI、YOUSUOPO。TADADANDITICHU‘LIUJINGJIESHI’DEMINGTI,JIANLIDAOQIHEYIDEZHEXUE,FANDUIFENGMIYISHIDE‘HANXUE’HEGAOJUTANGMIAODE‘SONGXUE’,ZAIZHONGGUOSIXIANGSHISHANGSHIZHIDEDASHUTESHUDE。”56ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,BINGCHENGZHEDONGSHIXUEJINGSHICHUANTONGDEZHANGXUECHENG“LIUJINGJIESHI”ZHIJINGSHIGUAN,HEXINJIDAOQIHEYIZHIBENTILUN、JIQIMINGDAOZHIRENSHILUN、XUEYUZHONGRENZHIFANGFALUN,ZONGZHIWEIZHIXINGHEYIZHISHIJIANLUN。

三、思想之榫卯:从章太炎到范文澜的经史观

ZHANGXUECHENGWANNIANCENGYAN:“ZHUOZHUAN《WENSHITONGYI》,ZHONGJIANYILUNKAIPI,SHIYOUBUDEYIERFAHUI,WEIQIANGUSHIXUEPIQIZHENWU,RANKONGJINGSHIHAISU,WEIBUZHIJIZHEGOULI,GUZEQIJINQINGERKETINGZHESHAOKANYIER,YIWEIJIUZHENGTONGZHIZHIZHI,YISHANGBUYUBIANSHIYURENYE。”57TAZIZHIDUOYOUJINGSHIHAISUZHIYAN,BUYIKANKE。ZHIZHIMINGUOCHUNIAN,CISHUCAIJIANWEIRENSUOZHONGSHI。HUSHI“HENTIZHANGSHIZHAIBAOBUPING。TASHENGPINGYANGAOYISHI,QIAOBUQINEIBAN‘BI      BUJU’DEHANXUEJIA;TAXIANGBUDAONEIBAN‘BI      BUJU’DEHANXUEJIADEQUANWEIJINGNENGSHITADEZHUZUOCHIZHIYIBAIERSHINIANHOUFANGCAIYOUWANQUANJIANTIANRIDEJIHUI,JINGNENGSHITADESHENGPINGSHIJIMAIMEILEYIBAIERSHINIANWURENZHIDAO”。58DAOTIANQIANCIQUERENWEIZHANGXUECHENG“LIUJINGJIESHI”BINGWEICHENJIYULISHI,WANQINGYILAIYOUYIQINGXIDESIXIANGCHUANCHENGPUXI,JIZHANGXUECHENG—GONGZIZHEN—ZHANGTAIYAN:“GONGZIZHENDE‘SHI’SHISHIGUAN,XIANZAIZHANGBINGLINDE‘SHI’ZESHISHISHU、LISHI(history),TAMENDOUYUANYUZHANGXUECHENGDE‘LIUJINGJIESHI’。”“ZHANGBINGLIN,ZUIRAOYOUQUWEIDESHITAJISHIKAOZHENGXUEZHEYOUSHIGEMINGJIA;ERKAOZHENGXUE(POXUE)YUGEMINGZHIJIANDEMEIJIEZESHI‘LIUJINGJIESHI’SHUO。”59

(一)章太炎之经史观

BEIYUWEI“YOUXUEWENDEGEMINGJIA”DEZHANGTAIYAN,SHENSHOUZHANGXUECHENGYINGXIANG。“HUIJIZHANGXUECHENGWEIWENSHI、XIAOCHOUZHU《TONGYI》,YIFUXIN、GUZHIXUE,QIZHUOYUEJIN《SHITONG》。”60TEBIESHI“LIUJINGJIESHI”LUN,DUIQIJINGSHIGUANZHIDIANDINGGONGMODAYAN。DUIYUERZHANGZHISIXIANGCHUANCHENG,SIXIANGJIEZAOYOUGONGSHI,LIANGQICHAOYAN:“BINGLINSHAOSHOUXUEYUYUYUE,ZHIXIAOXUEJIJINYAN,RANGUZHEDONGRENYE,SHOUQUANZUWANG、ZHANGXUECHENGYINGXIANGPOSHEN。”61ZHOUYUTONGZHICHUZHANGTAIYAN“SHOUZHEDONGSHIXUEDEYINGXIANG,JIANTIAOLEZHANGXUECHENG、QUANZUWANG、WANSITONG、HUANGZONGXIYIPAIDEXUETONG。……ZHEDONGSHIXUEPAIYOULIANGGETEDIAN:QIYI,SHIYANZHONGZUZHIBIE,YIYIZURUZHUZHONGYUAN,WEIHANZUQICHI;QIER,SHIZUNCHONGLISHI,YILISHIYUMINZUDEXINGWANGYOUMIQIEDEGUANXI;……ZHANGTAIYANDANGSHIJIUSHIGAOJUZHEZHEDONGSHIXUEPAIDEZHEILIANGGEHUOJU,XIANGQINGNIANMENHAOZHAOZHESHANDONGZHE”62。DEQUE,ZHANGTAIYANZHIJINGZHUANSHANGGUWEN,CENGSHICHENGTANXIAN。TANXIANDUIZHANGXUECHENGTUICHONGBEIZHI,CENGSHUO“ZHANGSHIZHISHIGUANJUEGUJIN,YUFUYINGZUISHEN”63。YINCI,BULUNJINGYOUGONGZIZHEN,JIEXUZHEDONGSHIXUE,HAISHISHOUTANXIANYINGXIANG,LUJINGHUOJIANERYOUZHI,JIEGUODOUSHIZHANGTAIYANDUIZHANGXUECHENGDE“LIUJINGJIESHI”JIWEIFUYING。“YUYOUZHUANZHI《ZUOSHICHUNQIU》,WEIZHANGSHIZHAI‘LIUJINGJIESHI’ZHIYUWEIYOUJIAN。”64“ZHIDAOJINLAI,BAINIANQIANYOUGEZHANGXUECHENG,SHUO‘LIUJINGJIESHI’,YIJIANJIUSHUOLIUJINGDOUSHILISHI,ZHEIJUHUA,ZHENSHIBOYUNWUJIANQINGTIAN。”65DANERZHANGSUOCHUZHISHIQUESHIDAXIANGJINGTING,JIYUFANQINGGEMINGZHIXUYAO,ZHANGTAIYANYIDUI“LIUJINGJIESHI”ZUOCHUXINQUANSHI。YINCI,TAOLUNERZHANGDE“LIUJINGJIESHI”LUN,JIYAOZHUYIQIYIMAIXIANGCHENGDEJINGSHIWENTIYISHI,YOUYAOGENJUSHIDAILAILIJIEQITEDINGNEIHAN。

SHOUXIAN,ZHANGTAIYANCHENGJILE“GUWUJINGSHIZHIBIE,LIUYIJIEZHANGZHISHIGUAN”ZHIJINGSHIGUAN。ZHANGTAIYANMINGQUEZHICHU,JING“BENLAIZHISHIXIESHUDEMINGMU。……ZHENSHIKEYICHENGJINGDE,YUANZHISHIGURENDEGUANSHU”66。DUIYULIUJINGJIEGUSHI,TACENGYAN:“《SHANGSHU》《CHUNQIU》GURANSHISHI,《SHIJING》YEJIWANGCHAOLIEGUODEZHENGZHI,《LI》《LE》DOUSHIZHOUCHAODEFAZHI,ZHEIBUSHISHI,YOUSHISHENMEDONGXI?WEIYOU《YIJING》SIHUYUSHIBUDAXIANGGUAN”67,“SIYULISHIWUGUAN,BUZHI《ZHOUYI》SHILISHIZHIJIEJING”68。LIUJINGSUIBUNENGYANSHIBIANZHICHUYUHOUZHE,DANBINGFEIKEQIZHIBUYONG。“JINGZHEHEZHIHU?‘DAGANG’ERZI,YUNWEIDAGU。……ZONGZHIYUEJING。”69JINGZHEZONGZHI,“GUWEIBIKEFEI,SUOZHEZHONGDE,ZAISHANYUTUICHAN。JIASHINENGGOUFAHUITADEJINGYI,HULVETADECUJI”70。LIUJINGSUIFEIDAOZHIHUIHONGQUANTI,DANYOUJINGYIZAI,“JINGGUOLIMIN,ZIYOUYUANZE,JINGDIANSUOLUNZHENGZHI,配资公司 CHOUXIANGZHE,WANGWANGQIANGUBUMO”71。HULVECUJI,FAHUIJINGYI,SUISHITUICHAN,BINENGYOUGONGYUDANGDAI。

QICI,ZHANGTAIYANDUIJINGZHIFANWEIDEJIEDING,CHAOCHUZHANGXUECHENGZHIDINGYI。“WANSHIYOUZHANGXUECHENG,YIJINGJIEGUANSHU,BUYIYISHUSHIJIANNI……XUECHENGYIWEILIUJINGJIESHI,SHIZHEGUBUKESIZUO。”72ZAIZHANGTAIYANKANLAI,BUNENGYIGUANSHUWEIBIAOZHUN,“JINGBUXIGUANSHU,GUANSHUYIBUXICHENGJING”73,RENWEI“JINGZHISUOGAIZHIGUANG”74。TADUIZHANGXUECHENGFOUDINGSIXUESHENBUMAN,RENWEI“XUECHENGBIYIGONGSIXIANGGE,SHIJIULIUXIDANGFANSHAO”75,GONGSIJIGUANSI,RUANGONGSIXIANGGE,KONGZIYIYOUJIANYUEZHIXIAN,“ZHUNQITIAOFA,ZHONGNIZEGUOLAOER,YIQUSIKOU,CHUBENBEIZHENG,FEIYOUYIMINGZHIWEI,DANSHIZHILU,QIZUO《CHUNQIU》YIJIANYE”76。ZHEIYUSHISHIBUFU,BULIYUZHENXINGXUESHU。“GUZHIZUOZHE,CHUANGZHIERYI,HOUSHENGYIQISHIFATIAOLIZESHI,PANQISHIFATIAOLIZEFEI,BUZAIGONGSIYE。”77ZHEIZHONGSHUOFAJIKENDINGSHENGRENCHUANGZHIZHIGONG,YOUWEIHOUSHENGZHUSHUKAIFANGBIANFAMEN。“YIBANRENDEYIJIAN,WANGWANGBAJINGXUESHIXUE,FENERWEIER。QISHIJINGSHIGUDAIDESHISHU,SHISHIJINDAIDEJINGSHU,ERZHEBENLAISHIYIZHIDE。……SHIJIJING,JINGJISHI。”78TANASHIRUJING,JINGSHIBUFEN,KANSIJIANGJINGZHIWAIYANKUODA,SHIZHIQUEYICHUJIJINGSHIGUANXIZHIGENBEN,JINGSHIZHUSHUYOUGUANXUEJIANBIANWEISIXUE,WEISIXUEZHIFANRONGDIANDINGLEZHENGDANGXINGZHIJICHU。

ZAICI,ZHANGTAIYANZHICHU,LIUJINGFEIWEIWANSHILIFA,LITUHAIYUANJINGXUEZHILISHIBENSE。ZHANGXUECHENGTUICHONG“YILIWEISHI”,RENWEILIUJINGJIEXIANWANGZHENGDIAN,JIANFUJIAOHUAZHONGREN。ZHANGTAIYANQUELITUTUPOJINGXUEZHISHENSHENGXING。ZAITAKANLAI,JIBUNENGXIANGJINWENJINGXUEJIASHENHUQISHENDIZUNJING,YIBUNENGRUYIGUPAIHUAIYIJINGZHIJIAZHI,QIYITUZAIYUHAIYUANJINGXUEBENSE,JIYUJINGYISHIZHIQIADANGDIWEI。YAOZHIXIAOQIJINGSHIGUAN,WOMENKEYOUTADUIKONGZIDIWEIZHIFENXIKUIJIANYIBAN。SHOUXIAN,ZHANGTAIYANRENWEI,KONGZISHANSHULIUJINGFEIWEIWANSHILIFA:“JINSHIZHUIXUEZHISHI,YOUTUIKONGZIZHIFA,QIYUBAISHI。FADUZHE,YUMINBIANGE,GUJINYIYI,SUISHENGRENANDEYUZHIZHI?”79YUQISHUOSHIZHIFA,BURUSHUOSHIZHIHUO,“《CHUNQIU》ERBAISISHIERNIANZHISHI,BUZUJINRENSHIFANBIAN,DIANZHANGYIFEIJUJUZHI。……WEIHANZHIHUO,FEIZHIFAYE”80。TAJIRUSHENGYUZUNKONGZI,QUEBUSHIDATI,BUDEYAOLING。JINGSHIWUBIE,BUNENGZUNJINGGUOSHEN,“LIUJINGWUYIFEISHI。HOURENYUSHIYIWAI,BIELIWEIJING,TUIZUNGUOSHEN,GENGYOUXIEJINYUZONGJIAO”81。JINWENJINGXUESHENHUAKONGZI,RENWEIJINGKONGZISHANSHUZHILIUJINGYOUJIAOHUAGONGNENG。ZAITAKANLAI,CINAIWANGXIANG,LIUJINGZHISHIGUDAIDESHI,NAIKONGZIZHILISHIXUEERYI。“KONGZISHANDINGLIUJING,YUTAISHIGONG、BANMENGJIANBEICHUWUGAOXIA。QISHUJIWEIJISHIZHISHU,QIXUEWEIWEIKEGUANZHIXUE。”82YINCI,YUZUNKONGZEXUHAIKONGZILISHIXUEJIAZHIDIWEI:“KONGSHIZHIJIAO,BENYILISHIWEIZONG”,“BUYANKONGXUEZEYI,RUOYANKONGXUE,YUANJIYITICHANGLISHIWEIZHIYI”。83

DUIYIGUPAIHUAIYIJINGXUEZHILISHIJIAZHI,YUDADAOJINGXUEDEZHUZHANG,ZHANGTAIYANYUYIYANZHENGBOCHI。“RUWOXUEREN,FEIJINGBUXI,WANGMINZUZHIDAXIAN,ZEBIYUXUYIJIN,ZHONGWEINULUERYIYI。”84TARUCIZHONGJING,ZAIYURENWEIGUONANDANGTOU,BIXUBAOCHIMINZUXING,FAYANGAIGUOXIN。“WURENDUJINGZHUZHI,ZAIQIUXIUJIZHIDAO,YANYIXIAZHIBIAN。”85GUKONGZISHIFEIRUJIAJIAOZHU。TAYOUQIDUIKANGYOUWEICHENGLIKONGJIAOHUI,SHIKONGZIWEIJIAOZHUSHENETONGJUE,RENWEIZHONGTUSUWUGUOJIAO,“KONGZISUOYIWEIZHONGGUODOUSHAOZHE,ZAIZHILISHI、BUWENJI、ZHENXUESHU、PINGJIEJIERYI。……KONGZIYUZHONGGUO,WEIBAOMINKAIHUAZHIZONG,BUWEIJIAOZHU”86。TADUIKONGZIZAIZAOHUAXIAZHIGONGZANBUJUEKOU,RENWEIQI“GONGWEIDIYI”87,ERDUIJINGXUEYUKONGZI,YINGBENZHELISHIZHUYIZHITAIDU,JIBUNENGKEYIBAGAO,YUSHISHIBUFU,YOUBUNENGWANGZIFEIBO,XIANRULISHIXUWUZHUYI。TAHAICHANGYANYIZHISHIFANGSHIZHIJINGFANGWEIZHENGTU:“JINWENJIASUOSHUOWANGWANGYUGUWENQINGXINGBUDUI,GUWENJIAJIANGJINGDANGLISHIKAN,NENGGOUYIZHISHIDEFAZILAIZHIJING,JIUMEIYOUFENLUANDEBIBING,JINGJIUKEZHILE。ZHEISHIZHIJINGDETUJING。”88ZAITAKANLAI,JINGSHIBINGZHONGJIUNENGJIANSHAOXUDUOMENHUZHIZHENG,FANGNENGYULISHIZHONGJIANZHENZHI。

配资推荐聚股盘ZUIHOU,DUIYU“LIUJINGJIESHI”NEIHANZHIZHIXINGGUAN,ZHANGTAIYANCHENGJIQIJINGSHENSHIZHI。“JINGYUSHIGUANXIZHISHEN,ZHANGSHIZHAIYUN‘LIUJINGJIESHI’,CIYANSHIYE。”89JINGSHIGUANXIZHIZHONGJIAN,SHIWEIYIZHONGRENSHILUNFANSHIZHIZHUANHUA。JINGSHIBINGZHONG,JISHIBAJINGZHONGXINZHIGENYULISHIMAILUOZHIZHONG,RANGQIBIANDEYOUXUEYOUROU,ERFEIJINSHIZHIWEISHENGXIANZHIYULUYUJIAOTIAO。“JINGWAIBINGMEIYOUSHI,JINGJIUSHIGURENDESHI,SHIJIUSHIHOUSHIDEJING。”90CILUNHANYISHENSHEN,ZHENGSHUOMINGJINGBIXUCONGSHIZHONGCHU,JINGDEFANWEIXIAOYUSHI,ERSHIQUEBUJINWEIJING,KONGZISUOSHANDINGDEZHIYOULIUJING,“BUSHISHUOSHANDINGYIHOU,QIYUDESHUYIGAIZUOFEI,BUGUOZHEILIUJIANSHITONGCHANGJIANGSONGDE,QIYUDANGZUOCANKAOSHUBALE”91。GENGXUZHUYIDESHI,“SHIJIUSHIHOUSHIDEJING”,YOUYIGEBUDUANNASHIRUJINGDEJINCHENG。YOUCI,SHIJIUBUSHIYIBANYIYIDEJILU,BEIXUANCHUZHI“JING”YIFEIKONGDONGSHUOJIAO,ERYOUSHIZAIZHILI。

“JINGZHEGUSHI,SHIJIXINJING。YUANGUZHISHI,HUOBUJINSHIYONGYUJIN。SHIYUJINZHE,YUQIESHIYONG,XUNZISUOWEI‘FAHOUWANG’YE。ZIHANYIHOU,BINGGUOZHENGZHE,WUBUCANYONGJINGSHI,YIZHIZHIPING。”92ZHANGTAIYANMINGXIANCHENGJILE“LI,SHIWEIDA”ZHISIXIANG。“FUSHENHUAZHIDAO,YUSHIYIZHI,GUWUDIBUTONGLI,SANWANGBUYANLE。”93ZHIYOUBUDUANCONGSHIJIANZHONGJIQURENLUNRIYONGZHIDAO,CAINENGTONGJINGYIZHIYONG。MIXINJINGSHU,ZHONGGUIZHISHIJIAOTIAOZHUYIDE。“LISHIBUSHIYAORENYIBUYIQU,DOUXUEGUREN。XUEQIPUZHEXIAQIBUNENGDAIZHAOQIPU,BIXULINJIYINGBIAN。”94ZHANGTAIYANQIANGDIAOSUISHIBIANHUA,ZHUZHONGCONGSHIGANZHONGJILEIJINGYAN,YI“LIUJINGJIESHI”WEIJI,ZHONGJIANJINGSHIGUANXIZHIFANGFALUN,FANDUIJIAOTIAO,ZHUZHONGJINGDIANZHONGSUONEIYUNZHIMINZUYISHIYUJIAGUOQINGHUAI。TAZHIYANBUHUI:“XINHAIGEMINGPAIMAN,JIUSHIYOULISHILAIDE,BUSHIYOUXUELILAIDE。”95MIANDUINEIYOURIZHONG、WAIHUANRISHENZHIJUMIAN,TALITUYI“GUOCUIJIDONGZHONGXING,ZENGJINAIGUODERECHANG”96。YOUCIKEJIAN,JINGSHIGUANYULISHISHIJIANJINGSHENMIQIEXIANGGUAN97,XUESHUYUZHENGZHIZILAIJIWEILUANSHENGXIONGDI。

(二)范文澜之经史观

配资推荐聚股盘FANWENLANYUMAOZEDONGTONGGENG,BEIYUWEIMAKESIZHUYISHIXUEDEKAISHANZONGSHI。ZAONIANSHICONGHUANGKAN,SHENDEZHANGMENZHENCHUAN,DIANDINGQIJINGSHIGONGDI。BENFUYANANQIAN,FANWENLANJIUYICHUBAN《WENXINDIAOLONGJIANGSHU》《QUNJINGGAILUN》DENGPOYOUYINGXIANGZHIZUO。FANWENLANYUERZHANGTONGWEIZHEDONGREN,SHENSHOUZHEDONGXUESHUYINGXIANG,DUIERZHANG“LIUJINGJIESHI”LUNYANBIANMAILUOLERANYUXIN。YUZHANGTAIYANDAZAN《WENSHITONGYI》“ZHUOYUEJIN《SHITONG》”JINSI,FANWENLANYISHENZAN“XUECHENGZHU《WENSHITONGYI》,YUTANGCHAOLIUZHIJI《SHITONG》BINGCHENGLISHIXUELIANGDAMINGZHU”98。TATEBIEKANZHONGYOUHUANGZONGXIKAICHUANGDEZHEDONGSHIXUECHUANTONG,RENWEIZHANGXUECHENGSHENDEQISIXIANGJINGSUI:“JINGXUEKEYIJINGSHI,BUTONGJING,BIANSHIYUFUZHIRU,ERXUEJINGBIXUTONGSHIXUESHI。……ZHANGXUECHENGDOUSHICHUANHUANGXUEDE。……ZHANGXUECHENGDE《WENSHITONGYI》ZAOYIHENSHEN。”99TADUI“LIUJINGJIESHI”LUNZANYUYOUJIA:“ZHANGXUECHENGSHUO‘LIUJINGJIESHI’,ZHEISHIHENDUIDE。YINWEILIUJINGZHENGSHIZHUANGUANMENBAOCUNLEXIEWENHUAJILULIUCHUANXIALAIBEIZUNWEIJINGDIAN,DANGCHUJIMEIYOUJINGDEMINGHAO,YEMEIYOUTEBIEGUIZHONGDEYIYI。”100

ZAIZHUANXIANGMALIEZHUYI,TOUSHENZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAODEGEMINGZHIQIAN,FANWENLANYI“ZHUIZONGQIANJIALAOBEI”DEHAOGUZHIXUEWEIZHIYE,CHANGBEIDASHI“MIUJIANG”,SHIWEIKECHUANYIBOZHIREN。“WONEISHISHOULAOSHISURUDEYINGXIANG,XIANGBAHANXUEDEXUNGUKAOJUHESONGXUEDEXINGMINGYILIRONGCHENGYIPIAN,XIWANGZUOGEGOUTONGHANSONGDEXUEZHE,DUINEIXIEXINSIXIANG,RENWEIMEIYOUDUODADAOLI。”101RUBUSHIWAIDILAIFAN,LIAOXIANGTADINGNENGCHENGJINGXUEDAJIA。DANTACONGXIAOSHOUZHEDONGSHIXUECHUANTONGZHIJIAOYU,TEBIESHIMINZUWEIJIYUFAJICU,LINGQIMEIYOUJIHUIANXINQIUXUE。“‘JIUYIBA’YIHOUZHONGGUOMINGMINGZHIYOUKANGZHANYITIAODAOLU,WOSUISHUOSHIGE‘XUEJIU’YEHAIDONGDEBUKANGZHANJIUYAOWANGGUO。……WOXIXINKAOCHA,QIESHIZHENGMINGLE(XIANGLIANGZHIJIAODENGYUYIBAIBASHIDUNEIYANGZHENGMINGLE)GONGCHANDANGKANGRIZHUZHANGDEYANXINGYIZHI,XIANGJIUZIJIMIANDANGWANGGUONU,LIYINGDUIGONGCHANDANGYIJIHAOQINGNIANBIAOSHIQINJIN。”102TEBIESHIKANGZHANHOUJINGMAKESIZHUYICHUBUXILIHOU,TADUIZIYIWEISHIZHI“HAOGU”ZHIYEDACHEDAWU,JINGTONGXIANGGONGCHANDANGRENYINDAO,FANWENLANCONGCIBIANHUANMENTING,YICHENGWEIMAKESIZHUYISHIXUEJIAWEIZHIYE:“WODULEYIHOUCAIZHIDAOGEMINGBUSHIKUAIYIGAOTAN,ERSHIWEIDAJIANKUDESHIJIXINGDONG,HUITOUKAN‘ZHUIZONGQIANJIALAOBEI’NEIGE‘DAZHI’SHIZAIBUDANBUDAERQIESHIMIAOHUXIAOZAILE。WOHAOBUYOUYUDIFANGQILAOYINGZHAI,YUANYIZAIXINSHIDAIQIANMIANJIAOXIETOUJIANG。”103YOUYUZHEIYISIXIANGZHUANBIANLICHENG,ZHOUENLAICENGBAQISHUWEIQINGNIANXUEXIZHIBANGYANG:“‘WUSI’NEITIAN,WOKANDAOFANWENLANTONGZHIXIEDEYIPIANWENZHANGSHUO:DANGSHI‘WUSI’YUNDONGDERENYOUXIEFUZAO。DEQUEXUDUORENYESHIYOUXIEFUZAO。NEISHITAJIUZHUANMENYANJIUHANXUE,XUEXIJIUDE。DANSHIFANWENLANTONGZHIYIDANNAOZITONGLE,DUIBIANXIEZHONGGUOLISHIJIUYOUBANGZHU,JIUKEYIYUNYONGZIRU。”104DAODAYANANHOU,FANWENLANBEISHOULIYU,MAOZEDONGQINBIQUXINGULIQIYONGMAKESIZHUYISHIGUANQINGSUANJINGXUE。CONGZAONIANDE《QUNJINGGAILUN》,DAOYANANSHIQIDE《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,TEBIESHIDUI“QIANJIALAOBEI”ZHIZIJUEPIPAN,YIWEIZHEDUICHUANTONG“SHIFA”ZHIBEIPAN,YOUCIFANWENLANSUOBINGCHIDELISHIGUANYUFANGFALUNFASHENGSHENKEZHUANBIAN,TAYUJIAJIANDINGLEYONGMAKESIZHUYIXITONGQUANSHICHUANTONGJINGSHIZHILICHANG。

配资推荐聚股盘SHOUXIAN,FANWENLANJICHENG“LIUJINGJIESHI”ZHIJIBENNEIHAN,QIANGDIAOLIUJINGJIEGUSHI。TAZHICHU:“《SHANGSHU》、《CHUNQIU》、《SANLI》JIZAI‘YAN’‘XING’‘ZHI’,XIANRANSHISHI。《YIJING》SHIBUSHISHU,《SHIJING》SHIGESHIJI,DOUBAOHANZHEFENGFUDELISHICAILIAO。SUOYIZHANGXUECHENGSHUO,‘LIUJINGJIESHI’。”105DUIYUHEWEIJING,FANWENLANCONGWEIWUSHIGUANYUYICHANSHI,RENWEIJINGSHIFENGJIANTONGZHIJIEJIDEYITAO“TIANJINGDIYI”DEYONGHENGZHENLI,YONGYIZHENGMINGQIDIWEI“WANGUBUKAN”,CONGSIXIANGSHANGGONGGUZHENGQUAN,SHEIGAN“FEISHENGWUFA,SHEIJIUGAISI”。DANSHI,“JINGLIANGQIANDUONIAN,JINGXUEBENSHENQILEWUSHUBIANHUAHEPAIBIE,MEIYIBIANHUAHEPAIBIE,DOUSHISHIYINGDANGSHIZHENGZHISHANGDEXUYAOERFASHENGDE。SUOYIBULEJIEJINGXUE,HENBURONGYILEJIEZHONGGUOWENHUADEGENDI”106。ZAITAKANLAI,FENGJIANSHEHUIBENSHENBIANDONGZHE,JINGSUIYIXIEDING,DANYAOSHIYINGSHEHUIFAZHAN,BIXUYIKAOJINGXUE。ERRUSHENGZHIZHONGRENJIBUDUANSHIJING,SHIJINGNENGSHIYINGXINDESHEHUIXUYAO。YINCI,TONGYANGDEJING,JIESHIBUTONG,JIUFASHENGBUTONGZHIZUOYONG,CIJIJINGXUE。“SUOYIJING、RUSHENG、JINGXUESHISANWEIYITIDEDONGXI,QUESHAOYIGE,QIYULIANGGEJIUCHENGWEIWUYONGZHIWU。TONGZHIJIEJIBIAOMIANSHANGJIAORENZUNSHENG、DUJING,SHIJISHANGJIAORENZUNYINGHEJUNZHUDERUSHENG,DUGAITOUHUANMIANDEJINGXUE。”107TONGSHI,“WUSI”HOUXIFANGSHIZHENGZHUYISHIXUESICHAOYINGXIANGPODA。XINQIZHISHIXUEYANJIUZHE,YIMIANJICHENGZHANGTAIYANDEGUANDIAN,JILIUJINGFEIWEIWANSHILIFA,HAIJINGXUEZHILISHIBENSE;LINGYIMIANYOUTUPOZHANGTAIYANZHIGUANDIAN,JIJINGBENSHENJIUSHIXINSHI(BAOKUOYANYIXIAZHIBIAN,BAOCUNNANNENGKEGUIDEMINZUZHUYIYISHI),ERRENWEILIUJINGZHISHI“DAIZHENGERHOUXIN”DEGUSHIYANJIUCAILIAO,JINERYI“LIUJINGJIESHILIAO”LAIZHONGSHI“LIUJINGJIESHI”。ZHENGRUZHANGTAIYANDIZIZHUXIZUSUOYAN:“RANXIANSHIZHIYI,YIWEIGUDAISHILIAO,JUYULIUJING,LIUJINGJISHI,GUZHIJINGBIYISHIXUEZHIZHI,CISHIXIANSHIZHISUOYIYIHUQIANXIANZHE。QIETUIXIANSHIZHIYI,JISIBUSHUJI,YIJIEKEYISHISHIZHI,JIYIJIEKEYISHILIAOSHIZHI,YUBIYISHIXIANGTONGYE。”108CILUNYANZHONGQUJIEQISHIBENYI。“LIUJINGJIESHI”DEQIANTISHIJIEYIJINGWEIXINSHI,ZHEIYUSHOUXIFANGSHIZHENGZHUYISHIXUEYINGXIANGDE“LIUJINGJIESHILIAO”YOUBENZHICHABIE。HOUZHERENWEILIUJINGZHISHISHILIAO,ZHIYOUZHENGLIHOUCAINENGBIANBIEQIZHENWEI。FANWENLANQUESHOULESHIZHENGZHUYISHIXUEFANGFAYINGXIANG,CENGMINGQUETICHU“JINGBENSHENSHIGUDAISHILIAO(LIUJINGJIESHI)”109,RENWEIJINGXUEBAOLIULEDALIANGGUDAISHILIAO。JIANGJINGSHIWEISHILIAO,KANSIBIANDIJINGZHIDIWEI,DANZUOWEISHILIAODEJINGQUEBUNENGXIANGYIGUPAINEIYANG“DIUDAOMAOCELI”,FANERYOUHENGAOJIAZHI,“JINGXUELIMIANDUOSHAOHANYOUMINZHUXINGGEMINGXINGDEDONGXI,YOUQISHIJIANGZUORENDAOLIDEGEYAN,KECAIDEGENGDUO。HAIYOUXIEFENGJIANTONGZHIJIEJIDE‘JIAYANYIXING’,ANQIBENZHISHIFANDONGDE,RUGUOYIZHIDAOWUCHANJIEJIWENHUAZHONGLAI,YIYANGKEBIANWEIYOUYONG。LIRUSONGRUSUOSHUO‘JIELIE’……MENGZISUOYANDAZHANGFU,YEZHIYOUWUCHANJIEJIJUBEIZHEIZHONGPINZHI,NENGGOUFAYANGZHEIZHONGJINGSHEN”110。FANWENLANRENWEIKEYIYONGWEIWUSHIGUANZUOWEIFANGFAJINXINGZHENBIE,CHUANGZAOXINGZHUANHUA,JINENGCONGJINGXUESUOBAOCUNDEFENGFUSHILIAOZHONGJIQUYINGYANG,FENGFUGONGCHANDANGRENSUOXUZHIJINGSHENXINYANG。

QICI,FANWENLANRANG“JING”HUODELEXINSHENG——“BIANJINGXUEWEISHIXUE”。BIANJINGWEISHILIAO,JINGZHISHENSHENGXINGWAJIE,JINGXUEZHIJIAZHIBENGTA。ZHEIDUIYUTUOLIJIUJINGXUEKEJIUBINGJIESHOUMAKESIZHUYISHIGUANDEFANWENLANERYAN,YIWUCHUANTONGSHIREN“FEISHENGWUFA”BANZHISIXIANGFUDAN,TAZHICHUYINGRANGJINGHUIGUIQISHILIAODEBENLAIDIWEI。“ZHANGXUECHENGYOU‘LIUJINGJIESHI’ZHISHUO……YOUTADEDAOLI。QINGRUJIANGHANXUE,YEJIANGSONGXUE,DOUBAJINGKANZUOSHENSHENGDESHU,ZHANGXUECHENGQUESHUOJINGDOUSHISHI,BAJINGCONGSHENSHENGDEDIWEISHANGLAXIALAIYUSHIPINGLIE,ZHEISHIYOUYIYIDE。LINGWAI,ZHANGXUECHENGFANDUI‘LISHIERYANLI’,JIUSHIFANDUISONGXUEDEKONGTAN。ZHANGXUECHENGPIANZHONGGUWENJING,ZHUZHANGSHIJIDEKAOCHAHEZHISHI,SUOYIYOULIUJINGJIESHIDESHUOFA。”111ZHEIXIANRANYUZHANGXUECHENGDUIJINGZHIDIWEIDEWEIHUBEIDAOERCHI,YIYUZHANGTAIYANHAIJINGXUELISHIBENSEDEDINGWEIBUFU。ZAIFANWENLANKANLAI,BUNENGRURUSHENGNEIYANGBALIUJINGDANGCHENGSHENSHENGJIAOTIAO,ERZHINENGDANGCHENGGUSHIBINGXUJINGKAOSUOFANGKEGUWEIJINYONG,“JINGZUOWEIGUSHILAIYANJIU,WENTIZINENGDEDAOSHIDANGDEJIEDA,JINGZUOWEI‘SHENGXUN’LAIBEISONG,SIJIAOTIAOCHENGWEISHUFUSIXIANGDEZHIGU”112。KONGZIYILAIDEJINGXUEJIAZHIRENWUSHIBA“GUSHIBIANCHENGSHENGJING”113,YOUCIERWEIJINRUQISHIYEDEYUANBENBAOCUNWANZHENGDEJIUSHILIAOJIANZAOFEIQI,DAOZHIGUZHIXINSHIQIQUE。TONGSHI,JINGXUEBENSHENYOUSHIFENGJIANSHEHUIDECHANWU,“JINGXUEYIFENGJIANZHUYIERMENGYA,ERFAZHAN,ERMEILUO,ERSIWANG”114。“JINGXUEJIARUGUOBUFANGQI‘JIUKEJIU’,BUBIEXUNXINDEKANGZHUANGDADAO,‘MOLU’DEQIANMIANBAIZHESHI‘SILU’。”115“WUSI”HOUZHIXINSHIDAI,JINGXUEFAZHAN“XINDEKANGZHUANGDADAO”JISHI“BIANJINGXUEWEISHIXUE”,“RUGUOZAIXINMINZHUZHUYIGEMINGSHIDAIHAIYOURENHUANXIANGZHEJICHENG‘DAOTONG’,QITUYONG‘DUJING’FANGFAMABIQINGNIAN,FANGQIGEMING。ZHEILEIRENHAOWUYIWENYIDINGDESHIFENGJIANCANYUFENZIHUOZHESHITOUKAODIGUOZHUYIDENUHUAFENZI。……SUOYIXINMINZHUZHUYIDEWENHUAGEMING,BIXUGAIBIANJINGXUEWEISHIXUE,BIXUFANDUIWANGUXINGDEDAOTONGGUANNIAN”116。YOUCI,JINGXUESUIZOUXIASHENSHENGBAOZUO,FANWENLANQUENAJINGRUSHI,SHIJINGXUEZAILISHISHIJIANZHONGZOUXIANGXINSHENG。

ZAICI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDUIDAIJINGXUEZHITAIDU。20SHIJI30NIANDAI,BANSUIDUIJIANGXIGEMINGGENJUDIDEJUNSHIWEIJIAOERLAIDESHIWENHUAFUGUSICHAO,GUOMINDANGGAOJUZUNKONGDUJINGDAQI,DASIJINGONGZUOYISIXIANGZHENYING。GUOGONGSHUANGFANGZAIWENHUASIXIANGLINGYUDEDOUZHENGYUYANYULIE。YAOXIANGQUDEMINZUWENHUAFANGMIANZHIZHUDONGQUAN,JINGXUEJIESHIQUANSHIGUOGONGSHUANGFANGBURONGHUIBIDEHEXINWENTI。

DIYI,FANWENLANYUNYONGWEIWUSHIGUANXITONGYANJIUJINGXUE。JIUZAIQIFABIAODE《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》QIANYANZHONG,FANWENLANQIANXUNDISHUOPIPANJINGXUEZHIWUQIJIMALIEZHUYI,ZIJIHAIWEINENGKUIJIANTUJING,GENGTANBUDAOZHENGQUEYUNYONG,XIWANGXUEJIEYOURENNENGJIYUPIPINGZHIZHENG。DUIQIANJIAXUEPAINEIHANZHIXINGERSHANGXUESIWEIFANGFA,FANWENLANPIPINGDAO:“QIANJIAKAOJUXUEZHENGSHIZHEIYANGDEYIZHONGXUEWEN,TAZAIXUNGUMINGWUFANGMIAN,QUEYOUFENGFUDECHENGJIU,KESHIDANGSHEJIJIAODADEDIANZHANGZHIDUXUYAOZUOYIXIELISHIDESHUOMINGSHI,BIANXIANDEWUNENGWEILI,GENGBUBIQIDAITANENGFAXIANSHENMELISHIFAZHANDEGUILVLE。”117YEJIUSHISHUO,KAOJUXUEQUEFAYIZHONGLISHIGUAN。TEBIEDUIHUSHIDENGRENSUOWEIDECHUNXUESHUTAIDU,FANWENLANJIANRUIPIPINGZHICHU:“YIXIERENSHOUZHU‘CHUNXUESHU’DEBAOLEI,YIWEIKAOJUSHIXUESHU、SHISHIXUE,YUNYONGMAKESIZHUYILAIYANJIULISHI,ZHISHIYIZHONGZHENGZHILUNWENHUOXUANCHUANWENZI,BUNENGSUANSHIXUESHU。ZHEISHIWANQUANMIUWUDEXIANGFA。ZUORUSHIXIANGDEREN,WUYISHIZHONGHUSHIDUSHENSHEN。”118SHISHIQIUSHIDIJIANG,CISHIFANWENLANDEMAKESIZHUYILILUNXIUYANGSHUIPINGYUDANGNEIQITA“DAXIUCAI”RUCHENBODADENGRENXIANGBIHAIBUSUANTAIGAO,DANTAYIZHUJIANTUOLIJIUXUEKEJIU,BINGKAISHIFUYINGYUMAKESIZHUYI,LITUYUNYONGWEIWUSHIGUANLAIXITONGCHANSHICHUANTONGJINGXUE。

DIER,FANWENLANDUIQINGMOMINCHUDEJINGXUEJIAJINXINGLEYANSUPIPING。DUIMAOZEDONGXINZHONGTIJIDEKANGYOUWEI、LIANGQICHAO、ZHANGTAIYAN、HUSHI、LIAOPING、WUYU、YEDEHUIDENGREN,FANWENLANDOUYIYIZUOLEHUIYING。DUIYEDEHUIYI“SHIDAORENXIN”WEIJIREN,FANWENLANPIPINGQISHIJIXINGWEIQIASHIBUJIANG“SHIDAORENXIN”DEYONGHUFENGJIANTONGZHIDETUHAOLIESHEN。XIANGBIERYAN,KANGYOUWEI、LIANGQICHAODENGJINBUDEZICHANJIEJISIXIANGJIALIYONGJINWENJINGXUEGAIGEZHENGZHI,ZHISHIKANGYOUWEIYI“BAOHUANG”“FUPI”BEIRENTUOMAERZHONGQISHEN,LIANGQICHAOZEYI“ZHENGKE”“GUANLIAO”“JIAOSHOU”LEQUEYISHENG,YIBUNENGTAOTUOSHIBAIZHIMINGYUN。ERHUSHI、WUYUDENGREN,SUIDOUSHI“WUSI”XINXIU,DANYAOMEYANQIJINGXUEERBIEYOUZHUZHANG,YAOMEJIEJIAGUITIAN,SIXIAYIYU“KONGJIADIAN”JIANGHE。FANWENLANDUILIAOPINGPINGJIAJIAOGAO,RENWEIQISHIXINWENXUEDASHI,DUIJINGXUEZUOLELIUCIDABIAN,DANZUIZHONGRENGBUNENGWANJIUJINGXUETUISHI。ZHICI,FANWENLANRENWEIJINGXUEYIQIONGTUMOLU。ERDUISHIZUNZHANGTAIYANZHIPINGJIA,FANWENLANQUEHUAIYOULIANGNANDEMAODUNXINTAI。SHOUXIAN,FANWENLANGAODUKENDINGZHANGTAIYANDEGEMINGXING:“JIANGZHEXUERENZHANGTAIYAN、LIUSHIPEIDENGRENCHUANGBANDE《GUOCUIXUEBAO》,YIPAIMANFUHANWEIZONGZHI。”119DANTAYOUQIANGDIAOQI“FANMAN”GEMINGBINGFEILAIYUANYUSUJIANZHIGUWENJINGXUE,ERSHIYUANYUHUANGZONGXIYILAIYIMAIXIANGCHENGZHIZHEDONGSHIXUECHUANTONG,RENWEI“GUWENXUEPAIZHONGZUIHOUDEYIGEDAIBIAORENWUSHIZHANGBINGLIN。TASHIQINGMOGUWENJINGXUEDEDAIBIAO。GUWENJINGXUESHIXUEERBUSI……YINSHENCHUZHENGZHISHANGGEMINGDESIXIANGLAISHIHENNANDE。ZHANGTAIYANSUIRANSHIGEMINGFENZI,DANTADEGEMINGSIXIANGYUGUWENJINGXUEMEIYOUGUANXI,TAZHUYAOSHISHOUHUANGZONGXIZHEDONGXUEPAIFANMANSIXIANGDEYINGXIANG”120。TONGSHI,FANWENLANDUIGEMINGYUANLAOZAIJINRUMINGUOHOUDEBIAOXIANFEICHANGBUMAN:“ZHANGBINGLINRUMINGUO,ZHENGZHISHANGLIULIUWUSUOBIAOJIAN,XUESHUSHANGFANDUIJIAGUWEN,FANDUIBAIHUAWEN,NEIMO,TAYIRANBAOSHOUZHETADEFENGJIANWANGUXING。”121SHENZHIJIANGQISHIWEIWANJIEBUBAO:“JINSHIGEMINGYUNDONGZHONG,ZHANGTAIYANCENGJINGGEGUOMANQINGDEMING,DANSHIWANJIEBUZHONG,BUNENGSUANSHIZHENZHENGGEMINGZHE。”122CONGGUWENJINGXUEJIAFABIANHUANMENTING,ZOURUMALIEZHUYIZHENYINGZHONGDEFANWENLAN,DUIZHANGTAIYANGEMINGBUCHEDIXINGZHIJIANRUIPIPINGZIZAIQINGLIZHIZHONG。

配资推荐聚股盘DISAN,FANWENLANRENWEI,GONGCHANDANGRENXUYONGLISHIWEIWUZHUYIDUIDAIJINGXUE。GUOMINDANGYONGZHENGZHIGAOYATUIXINGZUNKONGDUJING,JIEGUOSHI“XIAOHESHANGNIANJING,YOUKOUWUXIN”。ZAIFANWENLANKANLAI,BIXUJIANCHILISHIWEIWUZHUYITAIDUYANJIUMINZULISHIWENHUA,YAOYOUSHIGUAN:“YIBANXUEXILISHIDEREN,TEBIESHIZUO‘CHUNXUESHU’DEREN,WANGWANGYIWEIXUELISHIWUXUXUEZHEXUE。”123SHIGUANWENTIDUIYUGONGCHANDANGRENERYANZHIGUANZHONGYAO:“ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHISHIJIANMALIEZHUYIDEZHENGDANG,TABUHUILIYONGFENGJIANWENHUALAIQIPIANQINGNIAN,YEBUHUIWUSHILISHISHISHIERYIBIMOSHA。TAYAOYONGMALIEZHUYIDECHIDU,GULIANGZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUADEJIAZHI,PIPANDICAIQUYOUXIUBUFENLAIFENGFUZHONGGUOWUCHANJIEJIDEXINWENHUA。”124KEJIAN,TATEBIEZHUZHONGCONGSHUQIANNIANHOUZHONGDELISHIWENHUACHUANTONGZHONGJIQUYINGYANG。

配资推荐聚股盘YUCITONGSHI,DUIERZHANG“LIUJINGJIESHI”DELISHIYANBIANMAILUO,FANWENLANXIAORANYUXIN。SHOUXIAN,FANWENLANJICHENGLEERZHANG配资公司 “LI,SHIWEIDA”ZHISIXIANG。TASHUO:“XUEGUDAISHIDEDULEJINDAISHI,XUEJINDAISHIDEDULEGUDAISHI,RUGUOBUDUJINTIANDELISHI,NEIHAISHIZUOZAI‘JINBISHI’LI。JINTIANDELISHI,ZHUYAOJIUSHI《RENMINRIBAO》。ZAI《RENMINRIBAO》SHANG,DANGZHONGYANGDEWENJIANHEZHONGYAODESHELUN,ZIRANSHIJIEJUEZHONGGUODANGQIANJUTIWENTIDEMAKESILIENINGZHUYI。”125TARENWEI《RENMINRIBAO》JIUSHIDANGDAIZHONGGUODEDIANZHANGZHENGJIAO,ZHEIRANGRENRONGYILIANXIANGDAOZHANGXUECHENG“LIUJINGJIEXIANWANGZHENGDIAN”ZHIGUANDIAN。QICI,DUIZHANGXUECHENGDE“SUISHIZHUANSHUYIJIUDADAO”,ZHANGTAIYANDE“配资公司 CHOUXIANGZHE,WANGWANGQIANGUBUMO”,FANWENLANYIBAQIYUXUEXIMAKESIZHUYILICHANG、GUANDIAN、FANGFARONGHUIGUANTONG,DADAOLELUHUOCHUNQINGZHIJINGJIE。TADUIERZHANGFANGFALUNZHIZONGJIEKANCHENGJINGPI:“WOMENYAOCONGJINGDIANZHUZUOLIXUEXIYANJIULISHIDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA,GENGYAOCONGJINTIANDELISHILIXUEXIYANJIULISHIDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA。”126TABAXUEJINGDIANYUSHIJIANJIEHEQILAI,RENWEIXUEXIMALIEZHUYIJINGDIAN,YIDINGYAOQUBIEPUBIANGUILVYUGEBIEJIELUN:“XUEXIMAKESIZHUYAOYAOQIUSHENSI,ZUIYAOBUDEDESHIMAOSI。XUEXILILUNSHIYAOXUEXIMAKESIZHUYICHULIWENTIDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA。……ZHEICAISHIXUEXIMAKESIZHUYIDEQISHENSI。MAOSISHIBUGUANJUTISHIJIAN……ZHEISHIWEIMAKESIZHUYI,SHIJIAOTIAOZHUYI。”127ZUIHOU,DUIZHEDONGSHIXUE“ZHIXINGHEYI”ZHIZONGZHI,DUIERZHANGZHUZHONGSHIJIANZHICHUANTONG,FANWENLANYIYIYIGUANZHI。ZHEICONGTADUIQINGCHUPOSHIXUEFENGZHIFUYING,YUDUIQIANJIAXUEPAITUOSHIXIANGXUZHIBUMAN,KEKUIJIANYIBAN:“RENXINBUSI,MINZUYOUFUXINGDEYITIAN。SUOYIQINGCHUQIXUEFENG,ZHUZHONGJINGSHI,DUSHUYUKANGMANLIANJIE,ZHUSHUYUSHIJIAN(ZHIYONG)YIZHI,KECHENGKAOJUXUEPAIDEQIMENGSHIQI。QIANJIALIANGCHAO,XUEZHEWEIKAOJUERKAOJU,XUESHUWANQUANTUOLISHIJISHENGHUO。”128YINCI,MIANDUIJINDAIZHONGGUOSHENZHONGZHIMINZUWEIJI,FANWENLANSHIZHONGJIANCHIBUNENGWEIXUESHUERXUESHU,YINWEIXUESHUNEISHENGYUZHENGZHI,ZAIZHONGGUOWENTIZHIYUJINGXIA,ZHENGZHIYUXUESHUSHIZHONGSHILUANSHENGXIONGDI。YINCI,FANWENLANDEJINGSHIGUANSHIZHONGJIANSHOUXUESIJIEHE,XINXIMINZUWEIWANG,BULISHIJIAN。“《LUNYU》ZHONGYOULIANGJUHUA:‘XUEERBUSIZEWANG,SIERBUXUEZEDAI。’HANXUESHIXUEERBUSI,SIJISHISHUO,BUZHIQIYI。SONGRENZESIERBUXUE,GUANGQUKONGXIANG,BUDUSHU。WANGYANGMINGZUOZAIZHUZIPANGBIANGEWU,JIEGUOGECHUBINGLAILE,JIUSHIDIANXINGLIZI。QINGRENXIANGBAXUEYUSIJIEHEQILAI。GUYANWUJIANGJINGXUE,HUANGZONGXIJIANGSHIXUE。YISHIQINGDAIJINGXUEDEKAICHUANGZHE,YISHIQINGDAISHIXUEDEKAICHUANGZHE。TAMENZUOXUEWEN,KEYISHUOSHIXUE、SIJIEHE,WEIJIUWANGERDUSHU。”129YOUCIKEJIAN,FANWENLANSUIJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIWEIWUSHIGUAN,DANYINSHENSHOUZHEDONGSHIXUECHUANTONGYINGXIANG,ZAIFENGHUOLIANTIANDEKANGZHANNIANDAI,TABAMAKESIZHUYIYUCHUANTONGJINGSHILUNRONGHUIGUANTONG,DALITUIJINMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUAZHILILUNJINCHENG,ZUIZHONGBATALUOSHIYUKANGZHANJIANGUODEGEMINGSHIJIANZHIZHONG。 

四、马克思主义中国化:毛泽东的“经史观”

JIUZAIFANWENLANDIDAYANANQIANHOU,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAISIXIANGWENHUALINGYUDEDOUZHENGKONGQIANJISHOU,TONGSHIMIANLINLIANGTIAOZHANXIAN:JIYAOFANDUIDANGNEIRIYIYANZHONGDEJIAOTIAOZHUYI,YOUYAOYINGDUIGUOMINDANGXIANQIDEFUGUSICHAO。QIANZHESHIYAOMIANDUIDANGNEI“JINGSHI”WENTI,JIMAKESIZHUYI(“JING”)YUZHONGGUOLISHISHIJIAN(“SHI”)ZHIGUANXI;HOUZHESHIYAOYUGUOMINDANGZHENGDUOZHONGGUOJINGSHIZHENGTONGDEJIESHIQUAN。YOUQIQIANZHE,GUANHUGONGCHANDANGDESHENGSICUNWANG。RUHENENGSHIDANGNEIDEJINGSHIWENTIDEYIZHENGQUEQIADANGDICHULI,YIJIMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUARUHENENGZAIDANGNEISHENGGENFAYA,CHENGWEIDANGNEIGONGSHI,JINERTONGYISIXIANG,NINGJURENXIN,ZHEIKAOYANZHEGONGCHANDANGRENDEZHENGZHIZHIHUI,ZHEIYIZHONGRENWUYILUOZAIQILINGXIUMAOZEDONGSHENSHANG。

配资推荐聚股盘MAOZEDONGZIYOUJIESHOUJINGSHIJIAOYU,CENGSHUO:“WOSHUDUJINGSHU”130,“WOGUOQUDUGUOKONGFUZI,WUJINGSISHU,DULELIUNIAN。BEIDE,KESHIBUDONG。NEISHIHENXIANGXINKONGFUZI,HAIXIEGUOWENZHANG”131。JIAZHISHENSHOUHUXIANGWENHUAYINGXIANG,TADUICHUANTONGJINGSHIZHIYANBIANSUITANBUSHANGYOUSHENRUYANJIU,QUEYEBINGBUMOSHENG。MAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUAYAOCHEDISHIXIAN,JIXUYAOMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANDELILUNSUYANG,YOUXUYAOZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJINGSHIZHISHENHOUGONGDI,YIJIDUIGUOQINGZHIQIESHIBAWO,ERZHEISANZHEZAIMAOZEDONGSHENSHANGWUYISHIJIANBEIDE。ZHENGRUHAOYOUXIAOSANSUOPINGLUNDE:“TASHIZHONGGUOYOUXIUWENHUAZHIJIDACHENGZHE。……JIARUMEIYOUDUIZHONGGUOLISHIWENHUAZUISHENKEDELEJIE,MEIYOUDUIZHONGGUOMINZUWENHUAZUIHAODEXIUYANG,HEJIARUMEIYOUFENGFUDEZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHISHIYUFENGFUDEDOUZHENGJINGYAN,JIUJUEBUNENGHENHAODI、CHUANGZAOXINGDIJIESHOUMAKESIZHUYI,LINGHUITA,JINGTONGTA,BINGSHITAXITONGDIZHONGGUOHUA。”132DUIMAKESIZHUYIHEZHONGHUAWENMINGLIANGGE“LAOZUZONG”,MAOZEDONGDOUSHIFENGONGJING,ZAIQISHENHOUDELILUNSUYANGHEFENGFUDEGEMINGSHIJIANJINGLIZHONG,SHIQI“HUA”DECHETOUCHEWEI,JINERSHIDEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYOUTIAOBUWENDIZHUBUTUIJINMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA,CHENGWEIDANGNEIGAODURENTONGDEQUANWEIYISHIXINGTAI。LIUSHAOQICENGCHENGZAN:“TAZAILILUNSHANGGANYUJINXINGDADANDECHUANGZAO,PAOQIMAKESIZHUYILILUNZHONGMOUXIEYIJINGGUOSHIDE、BUSHIHEYUZHONGGUOJUTIHUANJINGDEGEBIEYUANLIHEGEBIEJIELUN,ERDAIZHIYISHIHEYUZHONGGUOLISHIHUANJINGDEXINYUANLIHEXINJIELUN,SUOYITANENGCHENGGONGDIJINXINGMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUAZHEIJIANJIANJUDESHIYE。”133

(一)反对教条主义——毛泽东的“经学观”

ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYIJINGCHENGLI,JIUBAMAKESIZHUYIZUOWEIZHIDAOSIXIANG,BAMAKESI、ENGESI、LIENINGDEZHUZUOZUNWEIJINGDIAN(LEISIRUSHENGBAYAOSHUNYUTANGWENWUZHOUKONGSUOCHUANDAOTONGFENGWEIGUINIE,JIANGLIUJINGFENGWEIJINGDIAN)。MAOZEDONGSHIMAKESIZHUYIZHEBUJIA,ZUNFENGMAKESIZHUYIWEI“LAOZUZONG”GENGSHIZHEN,DANTABINGBUMIXINLAOZUZONG,TICHU“YAOSHIWOMENDETONGZHIRENSHIDAO,LAOZUZONGYEYOUQUEDIAN,YAOJIAYIFENXI,BUYAONEIYANGMIXIN”134。ZAILIJINGDAGEMINGCANBAIHOU,MAOZEDONGJUECHADAODANGNEICHUXIANLEJIAOTIAOZHUYIQINGXIANG,DANGJIXIEJIU《FANDUIBENBENZHUYI》。CIWENSUIBUSHIYIJIMENGYAO,DANBINGDONGSANCHIFEIYIRIZHIHAN,BANSUI“ZUO”QINGJIHUIZHUYIRIQUYANZHONG,GONGCHANDANGZAICHENGSHIGONGZUOZHONGKUXINJINGYINGZHIJIADIHEZAINONGCUNDIQULAIZHIBUYIDEGEMINGGENJUDIJIHUBEIBAIGUANG。XINGSHIYICHANGYANJUN,ZAILINGDAOHONGJUNSHUNLIDAODASHANBEIHOU,MAOZEDONGKAISHIXITONGSIKAOGONGCHANDANGYINGRUHEDUIDAIZISHENDE“JING”JIMAKESIZHUYIZHIWENTI。

配资推荐聚股盘SHOUXIAN,MAOZEDONGZUNZHONGMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUO,XUEXIMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUO。TAZAIXUANZEMAKESIZHUYIZUOWEIXINYANGHOU,ZHONGSHENGBUYU。TACENGTONGSINUOTANDAO:“WOJIESHOUMAKESIZHUYI,RENWEITASHIDUILISHIDEZHENGQUEJIESHI,YIHOU,JIUYIZHIMEIYOUDONGYAOGUO。……DAOLE1920NIANXIATIAN,WOYIJINGZAILILUNSHANGHEZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUDEXINGDONGSHANG,CHENGWEIYIGEMAKESIZHUYIZHE,ERQIECONGCIWOYEZIRENWEISHIYIGEMAKESIZHUYIZHELE。”135TARENWEIMAKESIZHUYI“FANGZHISIHAIERJIEZHUN”,BINGMINGQUESHUO“WEIWUSHIGUANSHIWUDANGZHEXUEDEGENJU”136。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,TARENGQIANGDIAO:“MAKESIZHEIXIELAOZUZONGDESHUBIXUDU,TAMENDEJIBENYUANLIBIXUZUNSHOU,ZHEISHIDIYI。”137ZUOWEIMAKESIZHUYIZHE,MAOZEDONGYONGYISHENGGEMINGDOUZHENGSHIJIANZHENZHENGHANWEILEMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUODECHONGGAODIWEI。

QICI,MAOZEDONGBINGWEIBAMAKESIPENGSHANGSHENTAN,ERSHISHISHIQIUSHIDIPINGJIAQILISHIDIWEI。MAOZEDONGBINGBUMIXINMAKESI,BINGFEIRUZONGJIAOTUDUIXIANZHI、JIAOZHUNEIYANGQUDUIDAIMAKESI。TAZHICHU:“WOMENSHUOMAKESIZHUYISHIDUIDE,JUEBUSHIYINWEIMAKESIZHEIGERENSHISHENME‘XIANZHE’,ERSHIYINWEITADELILUN,ZAIWOMENDESHIJIANZHONG,ZAIWOMENDEDOUZHENGZHONG,ZHENGMINGLESHIDUIDE。WOMENDEDOUZHENGXUYAOMAKESIZHUYI。WOMENHUANYINGZHEIGELILUN,SIHAOBUCUNSHENME‘XIANZHE’YILEIDEXINGSHIDESHENZHISHENMIDENIANTOUZAILIMIAN。”138TONGSHI,MAKESIZHUYIYIFEIZONGJIAO:“NEIXIEJIANGMAKESILIENINGZHUYIDANGZONGJIAOJIAOTIAOKANDAIDEREN,JIUSHIZHEIZHONGMENGMEIWUZHIDEREN。DUIYUZHEIZHONGREN,YINGGAILAOSHIDIDUITASHUO,NIDEJIAOTIAOYIDIANSHENMEYONGCHUYEMEIYOU。”139MAOZEDONGYISHENGYOUZHEXIANMINGDEPANNIGEXING,SHIZHONGBAOCHIGEMINGLIXIANGZHUYI,DOUZHENGJINGSHENSHIZU,SUIRANMAKESIDENGRENCHENGJIUWEIDADANRENGFEIXIANZHIXIANJUEDESHENGREN,SUOYITASHIZHONGBAMAKESIDANGCHENGLISHIRENWUKANDAI:“MAKESIMEIYOUZUOGUOZHONGGUOZHEIYANGDADEGEMING,WOMENDESHIJIANCHAOGUOLEMAKESI,SHIJIANDANGZHONGSHIYAOCHUDAOLIDE。”140BUSHIZAOSHENSIDIBAMAKESISHENHUA,ERSHISHISHIQIUSHIDIPINGJIAQILISHIDIWEI。“TAYANJIULEZIRAN,YANJIULELISHI,YANJIULEWUCHANJIEJIGEMING,CHUANGZAOLEBIANZHENGWEIWULUN、LISHIWEIWULUNHEWUCHANJIEJIGEMINGDELILUN。ZHEIYANG,MAKESIJIUCHENGLEYIGEDAIBIAORENLEIZUIGAOZHIHUIDEZUIWANQUANDEZHISHIFENZI。”141MAKESISHIMAOZEDONGYANLIDELISHIJUREN,DANJURENYIZHISHIRENERFEISHEN。

配资推荐聚股盘ZAICI,MAOZEDONGRENWEIBUKENIYUMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUODEJUTIZIJUJIELUN,ERYAOZHIXIAOGUANCHEQIZHONGDELICHANG、GUANDIAN、FANGFA。“YAOFENQINGCHUANGZAOXINGDEMAKESIZHUYIHEJIAOTIAOSHIDEMAKESIZHUYI。”MAOZEDONGQIZHIXIANMING:“ZHEIXIEZHUGUANZHUYIZHEZICHENGWEI‘GUOJILUXIAN’,CHUANSHANGMAKESIZHUYIDEWAIYI,SHIJIAMAKESIZHUYI。”142TAZHIXINFANWENLAN,ZHUQI“YONGMAKESIZHUYIQINGSUANJINGXUE”,QIANGDIAOZHEISHI“MUQIANSIXIANGDOUZHENGDEDIYIRENWU”。YUANYINZAIYUJINGXUEFANGFATONGZHIZHONGGUOSIXIANGJIESHUQIANNIANZHIJIU,YIHAISHENDA。GENGWEIYINBIZHIMINGDESHI,JINGXUEFANGFALIUDUCHUANDAODANGNEI,TEBIESHIZICHENG“LILUNJIA”DEREN,YONGRUSHENGDUIDAILIUJINGDESIWEIFANGFADUIDAIMAKESIZHUYI,ZHEIJIUSHIJIAOTIAOZHUYISIWEIFANGSHIDEGENYUANSUOZAI143,SHIJINGXUEFANGFACHUANZHEMAKESIZHUYIWAIYI“JIESHIHAIHUN”,CIJIMAOZEDONGZUIWEIDANXINZHICHU。TACENGJIANRUIZHICHU:“BUSHIBATAMENDELILUNDANGZUOJIAOTIAOKAN,ERSHIDANGZUOXINGDONGDEZHINAN。BUSHIXUEXIMAKESILIENINGZHUYIDEZIMU,ERSHIXUEXITAMENGUANCHAWENTIYUJIEJUEWENTIDELICHANGYUFANGFA。”144XUEDONGNONGTONGMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUOBUNENGGONGSHIHUADIBEISONGCIJU,YAOCONGLICHANGYUFANGFAZHEYAN,JIAOTIAOZHUYIZHEDESHIZHISHIBUDONGNAOJIN:“CHAOSHIYAOCHAODE,CHAODESHIJINGSHEN,SHIBENZHI,ERBUSHIPIMAO。”145“MAKESI、ENGESI、LIENING、SIDALINCENGJINGFANFUDIJIANG,WOMENDEXUESHUOBUSHIJIAOTIAOERSHIXINGDONGDEZHINAN。ZHEIXIERENPIANPIANWANGJIZHEIJUZUIZHONGYAOZUIZHONGYAODEHUA。”146TONGSHI,GEBIEJIELUNYIFEIPUBIANSHIYONG,MAKESIZHUYISHIZHIDAOGEMINGSHIJIANDEKEXUE,ERFEIWEIXUESHUERXUESHUDEXIANGYATAZHONGTUOLISHIJIANDEGAOSHENXUEWEN。“WEILEDANCHUNDEXUEXI。SUOYISUIRANDULE,DANSHIXIAOHUABULE。”1471942NIANMAOZEDONGJIUXIANMINGZHICHU:“‘SHENGJING’,ERBUSHIJIAOTIAO,SHIKEYIBIANHUADE。”148JISHISHIDANGNEI“SHENGJING”,YIKEJIEHESHIJIJINXINGCHUANGZAOXINGCHANSHI。MAKESIZHUYIZHIJINGSUIJISHIGUANCHUANQIZHONGDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA。

ZUIHOU,MAOZEDONGZHICHU,MAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUOBINGWEIJIESHUZHENLI,ERSHIKAIPIRENSHIZHENLIDEDAOLU,SHIXINGDONGDEZHINAN。“BUYAOYINGBANMAKESIZHUYISHUBENSHANGDEHUA,JIUSHITADEJIBENYUANLI,YEYAODANGZUOXINGDONGDEZHINAN,ERBUSHIDANGZUOJIAOTIAO。”149ZHEIJISHIMAOZEDONG“JINGXUEGUAN”ZHIHEXIN。ZAIDUIZHONGGUORENMINKANGRIJUNSHIZHENGZHIDAXUEXUEYUANJIANGHUASHITAQIANGDIAO:“MAKESIZHUYISHIKONGQIANERBUJUEHOU。”150KONGQIANYIWEIZHEKAIPILERENLEIFAZHANXINFANGXIANG,BUJUEHOUYIWEIZHEBINGFEIFENGBIERSHIKAIFANGDELILUN,BANSUISHIJIANSHENRUERBUDUANFAZHAN。SHEHUISHIJIANGUOCHENGWUQIONGJUEDINGRENSHIGUOCHENGYEWUQIONG,BAOKUOMAKESIZAINEIDERENHEWEIRENDOUSHENCHUTEDINGSHIDAI,DOUBUKENENGZHANGWOJUEDUIZHENLI,ZHINENGSHIRENSHIJUEDUIZHENLIGUOCHENGZHONGDEYIBUFEN、YIHUANJIE。“MAKESILIENINGZHUYIBINGMEIYOUJIESHUZHENLI,ERSHIZAISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANDIKAIPIRENSHIZHENLIDEDAOLU。”151JINGSHIBINGZHONG,QIANGDIAOSHIJIANCAINENGBUDUANCHUZHENZHI,ZHEIJISHIMAOZEDONGZHIZHENLIGUAN。

二)以中国问题为中心——毛泽东的“史学观”

“WEIWUSHIGUANSHIWUDANGZHEXUEDEGENJU。”152HAOWUYIWEN,MAOZEDONGYISHENGZUIZHONGSHIGUANWENTI。WUDUYOUOU,《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》ZUIHOUYIWENJI《WEIXINLISHIGUANDEPOCHAN》,BAWEIWUSHIGUANZAIZHONGGUOYUJINGZHONGFAHUIDELINLIJINZHI。JIANGZHEIPIANWENZHANGZUOWEIMAOZEDONGSHENGQIANQINZISHENDINGDEXUANJIDESHOUGUANZHIZUO,MAOZEDONGZIYOUQISHENSISHULV。“MAKESILIENINGZHUYILAIDAOZHONGGUOZHISUOYIFASHENGZHEIYANGDADEZUOYONG,SHIYINWEIZHONGGUODESHEHUITIAOJIANYOULEZHEIZHONGXUYAO,SHIYINWEITONGZHONGGUORENMINGEMINGDESHIJIANFASHENGLE配资开户 ,SHIYINWEIBEIZHONGGUORENMINSUOZHANGWOLE。RENHESIXIANG,RUGUOBUHEKEGUANDESHIJIDESHIWUXIANG配资开户 ,RUGUOMEIYOUKEGUANCUNZAIDEXUYAO,RUGUOBUWEIRENMINQUNZHONGSUOZHANGWO,JISHISHIZUIHAODEDONGXI,JISHISHIMAKESILIENINGZHUYI,YESHIBUQIZUOYONGDE。WOMENSHIFANDUILISHIWEIXINLUNDELISHIWEIWULUNZHE。”153ZHEIKEWEIMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUAZHISIXIANGZONGGANG。QIHEXINWENTIYISHIJIMAKESIZHUYIBIXUYUZHONGGUOWENTIXIANGJIEHE,YOUSANGEJUTIFANGXIANG:YISHIZHONGGUOSHEHUITIAOJIANDEXUYAO。YINWEIDANGSHIRENMENBINGJILUANTOUYI,XIANGXIFANGXUNZHAOGEZHONGZHENLIDANZONGBUJIANXIAO,SHENZHIYOUZHONGHUILAOLUZHIWEIXIAN,JIXUJIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTIZHIYAOFANG,YIQIUYAODAOBINGCHU,SHIXIANGEMINGJIANGUOZHISUYUAN。ERSHIYUZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANXIANG配资开户 。MAKESIZHUYICHUANRUZHONGGUOZHISHI,ZHONGGUORENMINZHENGZAIJINXING“DADAOLIEQIANGCHUJUNFA”DEJIANKUZHUOJUEDEGEMINGDOUZHENG,POQIEXUYAOKEXUELILUNZHIDAO,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGJIUSHIZAIMAKESIZHUYITONGZHONGGUOGONGRENYUNDONGXIANGJIEHEDEJINCHENGZHONGDANSHENGDE。SANSHIZHONGGUORENMINZAIJINGSHENSHANGNENGZHANGWO。YINWEIMAKESIZHUYISHIRENMINSHIXIANCHEDIZIYOUJIEFANGDEGEMINGXUESHUO,RENMINSHIZHUTI,ERZHONGGUOSHUQIANNIANLISHICHUANTONGZHONGSUOYUNHANZHIMINZUJINGSHENRUDATONGLIXIANG、TIANXIAWEIGONGDENG,WEIMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUAZUOLESIXIANGPUDIAN。SANZHEJIANBEI,ZHEIZHENGSHIWEIWUSHIGUANLUOSHIYUZHONGGUODADIZHISHANGDEGANGLINGXINGFANGZHEN。

SHOUXIAN,ZHONGGUOWENTIYISHISHIMAOZEDONGWEIWUSHIGUANDEZHONGXIN。JINDAIZHONGGUODEYOUSHIZHISHI,CONGHONGXIUQUAN、YANFUDAOKANGYOUWEI、LIANGQICHAO、ZHANGTAIYAN、SUNZHONGSHAN,YIZHICHENDUXIU、LIDAZHAODENG,DOUZHILIYUZHONGGUOWENTIZHIJIEJUE,MAOZEDONGZIYOUJISHOUQIYINGXIANG。TAYECENGSHIKANGDEZHUYIZHE、WUZHENGFUZHUYIZHE,XINFENGGUOWEIXINLUN、ZICHANJIEJIMINZHUGEMING。“SHEHUITUIDONGWOZHUANRUGEMING。……ZHIZHIYAOGEMING。GESHENME?RUHEGE?DANGRAN,GEDIGUOZHUYI,GEJIUSHEHUIDEMING。DIGUOZHUYISHISHENMEDONGXI?BUSHENLELE。RUHEGE?GENGBUDONG。SHISANNIANXUEDEDONGXI,GAOGEMINGDOUYONGBUZHE。”154SHISANNIANJIZHILIUNIANJIUXUE、QINIANXINXUE,SUIRANBUNENGDUIMAOZEDONGGAIZAOZHONGGUOSHEHUIYOUZHIJIEYONGCHU,QUEPEIYANGLEQIYISHENGDEZHONGGUOWENTIYISHIHEZHONGGUOGEMINGJINGSHEN。YINCI,YAORUHEDUIDAIMAKESIZHUYI,TAYICHANGQINGXING,QINGMAKESIZHUYIDAOZHONGGUOLAIJIUSHIYAOJIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTI。JIUCIERYAN,MAKESIZHUYIZHIYUZHONGGUOWENTIJIUSHIYIZHONGGONGJU。“YAOBAMAKESIZHUYIDANGZUOGONGJUKANDAI,MEIYOUSHENMESHENMI,YINWEITAHEYONG,BIEDEGONGJUBUHEYONG。”155ZAOQIDEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHIGONGCHANGUOJIDEYIGEZHIBU,YIQIEFUCONGGONGCHANGUOJI,CHONGSHANGGUOJIZHUYIJINGSHEN。DANMAOZEDONGSHENZHI,RUBUGUGUOQING,GEMINGJIANGNANYIQUSHENG。XINGSHISHANGSUIYOUCISHANGJI,MAOZEDONGZAIYANANYUSINUOTANHUAZHONGQUEHEPANTUOCHU:“SHUODAOGONGCHANDANG,NEIMO,CONGTADANSHENGDEYITIANQI,TAJIUSHIYIGEDULIDEZHENGDANG,CONGLAIYEMEIYOUYITIAN、BANTIAN、YIXIAOSHIHUOZHEYIFENZHONGFANGQIGUOTADEDULIXING,CONGLAIYEMEIYOUXIANGSHENMEGERENHUOSHENMEJITUANHUOSHENMEDANGPAIQUFUGUO。YAOGONGCHANDANGQUFU,ZHEIDAGAISHIBISHANGTIANHAIYAOKUNNANXIEBA?”156MAOZEDONGSHIZHONGJIANCHIDULIZIZHU,ZHEIQIZHONGJIUHANYOUYUANYUZHONGHUAMINZUZIQIANGBUXI、BUQUFUYUWAILAISHILIDEMINZUJINGSHEN。DUIZHONGGUOWENTIZHIBAWO,MAOZEDONGJIANCHIZHONGGUOZHUTIXING:“WOMENYANJIUZHONGGUOJIUYAONAZHONGGUOZUOZHONGXIN,YAOZUOZAIZHONGGUODESHENSHANGYANJIUSHIJIEDEDONGXI。”157“MAKESIHUOZHEDESHIHOU,BUNENGJIANGHOULAICHUXIANDESUOYOUDEWENTIDOUKANDAO,YEJIUBUNENGZAINEISHIBASUOYOUDEZHEIXIEWENTIDOUJIAYIJIEJUE。EGUODEWENTIZHINENGYOULIENINGJIEJUE,ZHONGGUODEWENTIZHINENGYOUZHONGGUORENJIEJUE。”158TARENWEIYINGBAYIZHONGGUOWENTIWEIZHONGXINZUOWEIYUANZEQUELIXIALAI,“QUELIYIYANJIUZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIWENTIWEIZHONGXIN,YIMAKESILIENINGZHUYIJIBENYUANZEWEIZHIDAODEFANGZHEN”。159

QICI,MAOZEDONGSHANYUCONGSHIJIANZHONGZONGJIEXINLILUN,BUDUANTUIJINMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA。“MAKESIZHUYIYIDINGYAOXIANGQIANFAZHAN,YAOSUIZHESHIJIANDEFAZHANERFAZHAN,BUNENGTINGZHIBUQIAN。”160MAOZEDONGFANDUIYONGXINGERSHANGXUEKANDAIMAKESIZHUYI,YOUYUDANGNEISIXIANGZHANGQIBEIJIAOTIAOZHUYIZHANJU,DANGDELILUNZAIYINGDUIZHONGGUOGEMINGWENTISHIXIANDECANGBAIWULI,DUICITAYOUXINCHONGCHONG。TABALIENINGZUOWEIBANGYANG,MUDESHIGULIZHONGGUOTONGZHI,“YAOBAMA、EN、LIE、SIDEFANGFAYONGDAOZHONGGUOLAI,ZAIZHONGGUOCHUANGZAOCHUYIXIEXINDEDONGXI。ZHIYOUYIBANDELILUN,BUYONGYUZHONGGUODESHIJI,DABUDEDIREN”161。YOUCI,MAOZEDONGCHUANGZAOLEYIXILIE(BAOKUONONGCUNBAOWEICHENGSHI、WUZHUANGDOUZHENG、TONGYIZHANXIANDENGZAINEI)YIXINMINZHUZHUYILILUNWEIZONGGANGDEZHONGGUOLILUN。MAOZEDONGDUICISHIFENZIJUE,RENWEIBIXUCONGZHONGGUOSHIJIANZHONGCHANSHENGCHUZHONGGUOLILUN,ZAIYICIJINYIBUZHIDAOZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIAN。

ZAICI,MAOZEDONGBAZHONGHUAWENMINGZUOWEIFANGFA,NARUSHEHUIZHUYIZHINEIRONG。JIANDANGYISHI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHENSHOULIENING、SIDALIN配资公司 ZHIMINDIBANZHIMINDIMINZUJIEFANGDOUZHENGLILUNDEYINGXIANG。SIDALINDUIDONGFANGGEGUOMINZUJIEFANGCENGTICHUYAOQIU:“WOMENSHIZAIJIANSHEWUCHANJIEJIDEWENHUA,ZHEIWANQUANSHIDUIDE。DANSHIWUCHANJIEJIDEWENHUA,QINEIRONGSHISHEHUIZHUYIDE,TAZAIBEIJUANRUSHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEDEGERENMINZHONG,YIYUYAN、FENGSUDENGDENGDEBUTONG,ERCAIQULEGEZHONGBUTONGDEBIAOXIANXINGSHIHEFANGFA,ZHEITONGYANGYESHIDUIDE。NEIRONG,SHIWUCHANJIEJIDE;XINGSHI,SHIMINZUDE——ZHEIJIUSHISHEHUIZHUYISUOZOUXIANGDEQUANRENLEIDEWENHUA。WUCHANJIEJIDEWENHUABINGBUQUXIAOMINZUDEWENHUA,ERSHIJITAYINEIRONG。FANZHI,MINZUDEWENHUA,YEBUQUXIAOWUCHANJIEJIDEWENHUA,ERSHIJITAYIXINGSHI。”162MAOZEDONGSHENSHOUCIYINGXIANG,TUCHUBIAOXIANZAIXINMINZHUZHUYILILUNZHONG,TAZHICHU,“ZHONGGUOWENHUAYINGYOUZIJIDEXINGSHI,ZHEIJIUSHIMINZUXINGSHI。MINZUDEXINGSHI,XINMINZHUZHUYIDENEIRONG——ZHEIJIUSHIWOMENJINTIANDEXINWENHUA”163。GENJUTESHUGUOQING,TAZHISHIBAWUCHANJIEJIDENEIRONGHUANCHENGXINMINZHUZHUYIDENEIRONG。DANDUIZHEIYANGDEJIANDANNEIRONGJIAXINGSHIJIXIELIJIEMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA,TAPOJUEGEMO。YOUYIDUANHUAWOMENERSHUNENGXIANG:“XUEXIWOMENDELISHIYICHAN,YONGMAKESIZHUYIDEFANGFAJIYIPIPANDEZONGJIE,SHIWOMENXUEXIDELINGYIRENWU。WOMENZHEIGEMINZUYOUSHUQIANNIANDELISHI,YOUTADETEDIAN,YOUTADEXUDUOZHENGUIPIN。DUIYUZHEIXIE,WOMENHAISHIXIAOXUESHENG。JINTIANDEZHONGGUOSHILISHIDEZHONGGUODEYIGEFAZHAN;WOMENSHIMAKESIZHUYIDELISHIZHUYIZHE,WOMENBUYINGDANGGEDUANLISHI。CONGKONGFUZIDAOSUNZHONGSHAN,WOMENYINGDANGJIYIZONGJIE,CHENGJIZHEIYIFENZHENGUIDEYICHAN。ZHEIDUIYUZHIDAODANGQIANDEWEIDADEYUNDONG,SHIYOUZHONGYAODEBANGZHUDE。”164ZHEIDUANHUAZAIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUBEIBIANRU《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》SHIYOULIANGCHUZHONGYAOGAIDONG:YISHI“WOMENZHEIGEMINZUYOUSHUQIANNIANDELISHI”HOUBENLAIHAIYOUYIJU“YOUTADEFAZHANFAZE,YOUTADEMINZUTEDIAN”;ERSHI“CHENGJIZHEIYIFENZHENGUIDEYICHAN”HOUHAIYOUYIJU“CHENGJIYICHAN,ZHUANGUOLAIJIUBIANWEIFANGFA”。165SUOSHANYUANWENZHIGUANZHONGYAO,TAFANYINGLEMAOZEDONGYISHENGGUANZHUDEZHONGGUOFANGFALUNWENTI。ZHONGHUAMINZUBENSHEN“YOUTADEFAZHANFAZE”,JICHENGZHONGGUOWENHUAYICHAN“ZHUANGUOLAIJIUBIANWEIFANGFA”ZHIWEIGUANJIAN,BIAOMINGZHONGHUAWENMINGBINGBUJINJINSHIMINZUXINGSHI,ERSHIGUANSHEMINZULISHIFAZHANGUILV,QIBENSHENJIWEIZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYINEIRONGZHIZHONGYAOBUFEN。“MEIYOUZHONGHUAMINZU,JIUMEIYOUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG。”166ZAICANKUDEDOUZHENGSHIJIANZHONG,MAOZEDONGSHENZHIMINZUTEDIANZHIYUZHONGGUOGEMINGDEWEIDAYIYI:“YIGEGUOJIAZONGYOUTADETEDIAN,BUSHIHEZHEIGETEDIANDEDONGXIJIUXINGBUTONG。”167SUICONGYANANSHIQIYILAI,ZHIZHISUGONGERSHIDAQUANMIANPIPANSIDALINQIAN,MAOZEDONGAIYUZHONGSULIANGDANGLIANGGUOGUANXI,TEBIESHIJIDANYUSIDALINQUANWEI,JINLIANGBUTI“ZHONGGUOHUA”ZHILEIKOUHAO,SHENZHIYIDULIANMAOZEDONGSIXIANGYEBUZAITIJI,DANTADUINEIRONGJIAXINGSHIJIXIEDILIJIEMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUASHIZHONGBUMAN,LITUYOUSUOTUPO。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,MAOZEDONGCENGMINGQUEZHICHU,“‘XUE’SHIZHIJIBENLILUN,ZHEISHIZHONGWAIYIZHIDE,BUYINGGAIFENZHONGXI”,BIAOMINGYUXIFANGLILUN(MAKESIZHUYI)YIYANG,ZHONGGUOZHIXUEHANYOUSHUIPINGHAOBUDIYUXIFANGDEJIBENLILUN,“SHUOZHONGGUOMINZUDEDONGXIMEIYOUGUILV,ZHEISHIFOUDINGZHONGGUODEDONGXI,SHIBUDUIDE”。TAZUIHOUFENGQUDIZHICHUZHONGGUOHUABIXUYAO“CHUANGZAOZHONGGUODUTEDEXINDONGXI”,RULVMAJIAOPEIHOUZHIXINWUZHONG,JIFEILVFEIMAZHI“LUOZI”。168

配资推荐聚股盘DUIYUMAOZEDONGDEZHONGGUOFANGFALUN,LIUSHAOQIKEWEIQIZHIYIN。“ZHONGGUODANGDELILUNZHUNBEI,BAOKUODUIYUMALIEZHUYIDEYUANLIYUFANGFAJIDUIYUZHONGGUOSHEHUILISHIFAZHANGUILVDETONGYIBAWO。”169LIUSHAOQIQIANGDIAOZHONGGUOGUILVBENSHENYISHIZHONGYAODELILUNZHUNBEI,YUMAKESIZHUYIDEYUANLIHEFANGFADENGLIANGQIGUAN。QISHI,ZAI《XINMINZHUZHUYILUN》ZHONG,MAOZEDONGDUIMINZUTEDIANYUMINZUXINGSHIYIYOUGUOYINHUIHANXUDIQUFEN:“JIANGMAKESIZHUYIDEPUBIANZHENLIHEZHONGGUOGEMINGDEJUTISHIJIANWANQUANDIQIADANGDITONGYIQILAI,JIUSHISHUO,HEMINZUDETEDIANXIANGJIEHE,JINGGUOYIDINGDEMINZUXINGSHI,CAIYOUYONGCHU。”170MAKESIZHUYIYUZHONGHUAWENMINGLIANGGELAOZUZONGQUEYIBUKE。“BULUNSHIJINBAINIANDE(ZUOTIANDE)YUGUDAIDE(QIANTIANDE)ZHONGGUOSHI,ZAIXUDUODANGYUANDEXINMUZHONGHAISHIQIHEIYITUAN。XUDUOMALIEZHUYIDEXUEZHEYESHIYANBICHENGXILA,ZHIHUIJISONGMA、EN、LIE、SIDECHENGYU,DUIYUZIJIDEZUZONG,ZEDUIBUZHU,WANGJILE。”171ZAIMAOZEDONGDESIXIANGLILUNKUZHONG,LIANGGE“LAOZUZONG”DOUSHIGONGCHANDANGRENSIXIANGTIXIDEZHONGYAOLAIYUAN,JIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTIJIUYAOZHENGXINCHENGYIDANGHAOLIANGGE“LAOZUZONG”DEXIAOXUESHENG。HUQIAOMUCENGYAN:“MAOZEDONGSIXIANGHEZHONGGUOLISHI、ZHONGGUOWENHUA。……BUJIANGZHEIGEBUHAO,ZHISHUOMAKESIZHUYIDEPUBIANZHENLIGENZHONGGUOGEMINGDESHIJIXIANGJIEHE,ZHEIBUWANQUAN。TAYOUYIGELISHIBEIJING,YOUYIGEWENHUABEIJING。ZHEIBENLAIHENMINGXIAN。”172MAOZEDONGSIXIANGYUZHONGGUOLISHIWENHUAYOUQINEISHENGXINGGUANXI,BURONGHUIBI。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEZHIDAOSIXIANGDANGRANSHIMAKESIZHUYI,DANZHONGHUALISHIWENHUAYUZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIJIANBENSHENJIJUYOUYIZHONGFANGFALUNYIYI,NENGGOUYICIFENGFUHEFAZHANZHONGGUOHUAMAKESIZHUYI。

(三)向群众学习——毛泽东的实践论

配资推荐聚股盘MAOZEDONGZAI《SHIJIANLUN》ZHONGQIANGDIAO:“SHIJIANDEGUANDIANSHIBIANZHENGWEIWULUNDERENSHILUNZHIDIYIDEHEJIBENDEGUANDIAN。”173HUXIANGWENHUAZHUZHANGJINGSHIZHIYONG,TEBIESHIYESHIYANGCHANGJIYOUZHONGLIXING,“BOXUE、SHENSI、LIXINGSANZHEBUKEPIANFEI”174。MAOZEDONGDEZHIXINGGUANMINGXIANSHOUQIYINGXIANG,XUESHENGSHIDAICENGYAN:“BUXINGJIAKONGZHISHI”,“BUTANGUOGAOZHILI”,“CONGTIANXIAGUOJIAWANSHIWANWUERXUEXIZHI,ZEHANMANJIUGAI,BIANYOUSIYUSHANGYI”。175ZHONGGUOZHEXUEZHIJINGHUAJI“ZHIXINGHEYI”,ZAIMAOZEDONGSUOCHANGDAODESHISHIQIUSHI、LILUN配资开户 SHIJIZHONGTIXIANDELINLIJINZHI。

SHOUXIAN,MAOZEDONGZHUZHONGSHIJIANYUDIAOCHAYANJIU。“NIYAOYOUZHISHI,NIJIUDECANJIABIANGEXIANSHIDESHIJIAN。NIYAOZHIDAOLIZIDEZIWEI,NIJIUDEBIANGELIZI,QINKOUCHIYICHI。”176ZAIMAOZEDONGKANLAI,MAKESIZHUYIJUYOUHENQIANGDESHIJIANXING。“MAKESIZHUYIKANZHONGLILUN,ZHENGSHI,YEJINJINSHI,YINWEITANENGGOUZHIDAOXINGDONG。”177TATONGGUOXILIEDIAOCHAYANJIU,ZHUBUXINGCHENGLEYITAOJIEJUEZHONGGUOGEMINGDEFANGZHENCELVE。“‘ZUO’QINGJIAOTIAOZHUYI,GENBENBUYANJIUZHONGGUOTEDIAN。ZAINONGCUNSHINIAN,GENBENBUYANJIUNONGCUNTUDIHEJIEJIGUANXI。BUSHIDAOLENONGCUNJIUDONGDENONGCUN。”178XUEXIBUZHISHIDUSHU,SHIJIANSHIGENGZHONGYAODEXUEXI。“CONGZHANZHENGXUEXIZHANZHENG——ZHEISHIWOMENDEZHUYAOFANGFA。”179ZUOWEISHIRENDEMAOZEDONG,SHENSHANGCHONGYINGZHEGEMINGLANGMANZHUYIJINGSHEN,DANTAQUEZHUZHANG:“GEMINGJINGSHENYINGYUSHIJIJINGSHENTONGYI,YAOBAEGUODEGEMINGREQINGHEMEIGUODESHIJIJINGSHENTONGYIQILAI。……GEMINGJINGSHENBUSHIYUSHIJIANXIANGTUOLIDE,ERSHIYUSHIJIANXIANGJIEHEDE。”180YINCI,WEIJIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTI,TABUZANTONGGAILIANG,ERSHIZHUZHANGDAGUIMOGAIZAO:“GAILIANGSHIBUZHUIBANFA,YINGZHUZHANGDAGUIMOGAIZAO。……ZHONGGUOWENTIBENLAISHISHIJIEDEWENTI,RANCONGSHIZHONGGUOGAIZAOBUZHEYANJIYUSHIJIEGAIZAO,ZESUOGAIZAOBIWEIXIAYI,BIFANGAISHIJIE。”181ZHONGGUOWENTIBENSHENJIUSHISHIJIEWENTIZHIYIBUFEN,ZHONGGUOWENTIZHIJIEJUEBIXUYUSHIDAICHAOLIUXIANGQIHE。

配资推荐聚股盘QICI,MAOZEDONGZHICHU,RENMINSHILISHICHUANGZAOZHE,YAOYIXIAOXUESHENGDETAIDUXIANGQUNZHONGXUEXI。MAOZEDONGYISHENGJIANCHIRENMINSHILISHIDECHUANGZAOZHEHEZHUREN,RENWEI“RENMIN,ZHIYOURENMIN,CAISHICHUANGZAOSHIJIELISHIDEDONGLI”182。“QUNZHONGSHIZHENZHENGDEYINGXIONG,ERWOMENZIYIZEWANGWANGSHIYOUZHIKEXIAODE。”183SHAONIANSHITAJIUFAXIANSHUZHONGMIAOXIEDE“YIQIERENWUDOUSHIWUSHI、GUANLI、HUOXUEZHE,CONGWEIYOUGUOYIGENONGMINYINGXIONG”184,LIZHIYAOHAIYUANLISHIWUTAISHANGDEZHENZHENGZHUREN。ZAIYANANKANJINGJU《BISHANGLIANGSHAN》HOU,TAJIBIANDAOQUXIN:“LISHISHIRENMINCHUANGZAODE,DANZAIJIUXIWUTAISHANGRENMINQUECHENGLEZHAZI,YOULAOYETAITAISHAOYEXIAOJIEMENTONGZHIZHEWUTAI,ZHEIZHONGLISHIDEDIANDAO,XIANZAIYOUNIMENZAIDIANDAOGUOLAI,HUIFULELISHIDEMIANMU。”185YINCI,DUIYURENMINZHEIYILISHIDECHUANGZAOZHE,BIXUXIANDANGXUESHENG,ZAIDANGXIANSHENG。“GONGNONGSHIZUIYOUZHISHIDEREN,TAMENDEZHISHIBIWOMENFENGFUDEDUO,SHIJIDEDUO。NIMENCHUQU,BUYAOXIANDANG‘LAOSHI’,YINGGAIXIANDANG‘XUESHENG’,LEJIEQINGKUANG,DIAOCHAMINGBAI。”186XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,TAZAIHUIDAWAIBINTIWENSHIZHONGSHEN:“WOMEIYOUSHENMEWEIDA,JIUSHICONGLAOBAIXINGNEILIXUELEYIDIANZHISHIERYI。……LILIANGDELAIYUANSHIRENMINQUNZHONG。”187GONGNONGZUIYOUZHISHI,ZHEIGEZHISHIBUSHIXIEZAISHUBENSHANGDE,ERSHIJIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTIDEYAOFANG,YEXUGONGNONGBENSHENDUIZHEIZHONGZHISHIBINGMEIYOUZIJUE,BINGBUZIZHI,HAIXUYAOZHISHIFENZIHEYOUWENHUADEGONGCHANDANGYUANFUXIASHENZIQURENZHENFAJUEBINGJIAGONGTILIAN,JINERYUMAKESIZHUYIXIANGJIEHEYONGYIZHIDAOZHONGGUOGEMING。SHIFOUYUANYIQIESHIXINGYUGONGNONGXIANGJIEHE,CHENGWEIZAIZHONGGUODUTELISHIJINGYUXIAHENGLIANGZHISHIFENZIGEMINGXINGDEWEIYIBIAOZHUN。“ZHIYOUQIANBAIWANRENMINDEGEMINGSHIJIAN,CAISHIJIANYANZHENLIDECHIDU。”188DUICIMAOZEDONGSHENYOUGANCHU:“WOMENZHEIXIERENBUSHENGCHANLIANGSHI,YEBUSHENGCHANJIQI,SHENGCHANDESHILUXIANHEZHENGCE。LUXIANHEZHENGCEBUSHIPINGKONGCHANSHENGCHULAIDE……ERSHILAOBAIXINGGAOSUWOMENDE。”189LAOBAIXINGCAISHIZHISHIDEBUJIEZHIYUAN:“RENMINSHENGHUOZHONGBENLAICUNZAIZHEWENXUEYISHUYUANLIAODEKUANGZANG……ZHEISHIWEIYIDEYUANQUAN。”190MAOZEDONGCENGZHEIYANGYUQUANDANGTONGZHIGONGMIAN:“HEQUANDANGTONGZHIGONGTONGYIQIXIANGQUNZHONGXUEXI,JIXUDANGYIGEXIAOXUESHENG,ZHEIJIUSHIWODEZHIYUAN。”191TASHENXINZHIYOURENMINQUNZHONGCAISHIZHENZHENGDE“TONGQIANGTIEBI”,“XIANGXINRENMINQUNZHONGDECHUANGZAOLISHIWUQIONGWUJINDE,YINERXINRENRENMIN,HERENMINDACHENGYIPIAN,NEIJIURENHEKUNNANYENENGKEFU,RENHEDIRENYEBUNENGYADAOWOMEN”192。ZUOWEIRENMINLINGXIUDEMAOZEDONG,SHIZHONGBALAOBAIXINGDANGCHENGLILIANGZHIYUAN,GANBAIBAIXINGWEISHI,GANZUOBAIXINGDE“XIAOXUESHENG”。

配资推荐聚股盘ZAICI,MAOZEDONGYUSHIJUJIN,YIGUOQINGWEIYIQIEGEMINGWENTIZHIGENJU。SHISHIQIUSHI,SHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDESIXIANGLUXIAN,YISHIMAOZEDONGWEIZHONGGUOGEMINGLIUXIADEBAOGUIJINGSHENYICHAN。“‘SHISHI’JIUSHIKEGUANCUNZAIZHEDEYIQIESHIWU,‘SHI’JIUSHIKEGUANSHIWUDENEIBU配资开户 ,JIGUILVXING,‘QIU’JIUSHIWOMENQUYANJIU。”193ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEZHIDAOSIXIANGSUISHIMAKESIZHUYI,DANXUGENJUKEGUANQINGKUANGDIAOZHENGZHUGUANRENSHI。CHUDIYANAN,MAOZEDONGJIKAISHIFENXIZHONGGUOSHEHUIXINGZHIWENTI:“RENQINGZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEXINGZHI,JIUSHISHUO,RENQINGZHONGGUODEGUOQING,NAISHIRENQINGYIQIEGEMINGWENTIDEJIBENDEGENJU。”194ZHONGGUOMINZHUGEMINGYIBAINIAN,MAOZEDONGRENWEIKEFENWEIQIANBASHINIANHEHOUERSHINIAN,FENSHUILINGJIWUSIYUNDONG。WUCHANJIEJIYU“WUSI”HOUCHENGWEIGEMINGDELINGDAOJIEJI。“ZAIZHONGGUO,SHIQINGFEICHANGMINGBAI,SHEINENGLINGDAORENMINTUIFANDIGUOZHUYIHEFENGJIANSHILI,SHEIJIUNENGQUDERENMINDEXINYANG……LISHIYIJINGZHENGMING:ZHONGGUOZICHANJIEJISHIBUNENGJINCIZERENDE,ZHEIGEZERENJIUBUDEBULUOZAIWUCHANJIEJIDEJIANSHANGLE。”195TASHENZHIGONGCHANDANGJIBUNENGFANYOUQINGCUOWU,GENGBUNENGBIQIGONGYUYIYI,FAN“ZUO”QINGCUOWU,XUFENJIEDUANANBUZHOUJINXINGZHONGGUOGEMING。“BUZHIGEMINGYOUJIEDUANZHIFEN,ZHINENGYOUYIGEGEMINGDAOLINGYIGEGEMING,WUSUOWEI‘BIQIGONGYUYIYI’。”196GENJUGUOQING,BAMAKESIZHUYICHUANGZAOXINGDIZHONGGUOHUAZHIGANGLINGXINGLILUN——XINMINZHUZHUYI,JIQUBIEYUTUOPAISUOJIANXINDEZHONGGUOGEMINGBENZHISHANGSHUYUSHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGZHILUNDUAN,YOUBUTONGYUZAOQILINGXIURENWEIZHONGGUOGEMINGRENGYUXIANQIANZICHANJIEJIMINZHUGEMINGMEIYOUQUBIEZHIGUANDIAN。XINMINZHUZHUYISHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEZHONGDALILUNCHUANGXIN,MAOZEDONGSHIFENKANZHONG,YIZHIYUWANNIANRENGNIANZIZAIZI:“《XINMINZHUZHUYILUN》NEIYIPIAN,SHIGEWANZHENGDEGANGLING,ZHENGZHI,JINGJI,WENHUADOUJIANGLE。”197RUHERENSHIGUOQING,RUHEZHENGQUEPANDUANZHONGGUOGEMINGYUNDONGDETEDIAN,ZHEIDOUSHIGONGCHANDANGRENSUISHIYINGZHUYIDEDAKETI,“YUNDONGZAIFAZHANZHONG,YOUYOUXINDEDONGXIZAIQIANTOU,XINDONGXISHICENGCHUBUQIONGDE。YANJIUZHEIGEYUNDONGDEQUANMIANJIQIFAZHAN,SHIWOMENYAOSHIKEZHUYIDEDAKETI”198。ZAIMAOZEDONGKANLAI,“YIGEZHONGGUODEMAKESIZHUYIZHE,RUGUOBUDONGDECONGGAIZAOZHONGGUOZHONGQURENSHIZHONGGUO,YOUCONGRENSHIZHONGGUOZHONGQUGAIZAOZHONGGUO,JIUBUSHIYIGEHAODEZHONGGUODEMAKESIZHUYIZHE”199。BULUNSHIRENSHIZHONGGUOZHIQIANTI,HAISHIGAIZAOZHONGGUOZHIMUDE,QIZHUTIZIRANDOUSHIZHONGGUO,BIXULIZUYUGUOQING。

MAOZEDONGSUISHIFENZUNZHONGMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUO,DANTASHENZHIYAOCHEDIJIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTI,JIUBIXUZHIXIAOGUOQING,BAOKUOZHONGGUOLISHI、ZHONGGUOWENHUA、ZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANDENG,YAOBASHIJIANZHONGBUDUANFAZHANZHIGUILVTILIANCHULAI,ZUOWEIZHIDAOZHONGGUOGEMINGDEFANGFALUN。ZHEIJIZHONGTIXIANZAIYANANZHENGFENGYUNDONGZHIZHONG,SHIZHIJIUSHIDANGNEIDEJINGSHIWENTIJIMAKESIZHUYIRUHESHIXIANZHONGGUOHUA,“KANGRIZHANZHENGSHIQIWODANGNEIBUDEZHENGFENGYUNDONG,SHIYIBANDISHOUDAOLECHENGXIAODE。ZHEIZHONGCHENGXIAO,ZHUYAODISHIZAIYUSHIWOMENDELINGDAOJIGUANHEGUANGDADEGANBUHEDANGYUAN,JINYIBUDIZHANGWOLEMAKESILIENINGZHUYIDEPUBIANZHENLIHEZHONGGUOGEMINGDEJUTISHIJIANDETONGYIZHEIYANGYIGEJIBENDEFANGXIANG”200。ZHENGFENGYUNDONGJIEJUELEGONGCHANDANGDANGNEIDEJINGSHIWENTI,SHIMAKESIZHUYIDEYICHEDIZHONGGUOHUA。“YONGXINGERSHANGXUEDEGUANDIANLAIKANDAIMAKESIZHUYI,BATAKANCHENGJIANGSIDEDONGXI,ZHEISHIJIAOTIAOZHUYI。FOUDINGMAKESIZHUYIDEJIBENYUANZE,FOUDINGMAKESIZHUYIDEPUBIANZHENLI,ZHEIJIUSHIXIUZHENGZHUYI。”201ZAIMAOZEDONGKANLAI,JIAOTIAOZHUYIHEXIUZHENGZHUYIDOUWEIFANLEMAKESIZHUYI。YINCI,GONGCHANDANGRENJIYAOZUNZHONGMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUO,BAGUANCHUANQIZHONGDELICHANG、GUANDIAN、FANGFATILIANCHULAIZHIDAOGEMING,BUZHIYUFANJIAOTIAOZHUYICUOWU,YOUYAOGENJUZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANZHISHI,BUDUANZONGJIETILIANXINGUILV,NASHIRUJING,SHIZHONGGUOGEMINGZAIZHENGQUECHULIJINGSHIGUANXIJIMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADEBUDUANFAZHANJINCHENGZHONG,CHEDIJIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTI。

五、尊经重史:经史观之方法论启示

配资推荐聚股盘1944NIAN,MEILIANSHEJIZHESITANYINCANFANGYANAN,DUIMAOZEDONGTICHUYIGEJIANRUIWENTI:ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDAODISHI“ZHONGGUOZHISHANG”HAISHI“GONGCHANDANGZHISHANG”?DUICI,MAOZEDONGHUIDADEZHIDIYOUSHENG:“MEIYOUZHONGHUAMINZU,JIUMEIYOUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG。NIHAIBURUZHEIYANGTIWENTI,SHIXIANYOUHAIZIHAISHIXIANYOUFUMU?ZHEIBUSHIYIGELILUNWENTIERSHIYIGESHIJIWENTI。”202DANSHENGYUZHONGGUOLISHIWENHUATURANGZHONGDEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDANGRANBUNENGZHAOBANMAKESIZHUYI,BIXUJIEHEZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIAN、ZHONGGUOLISHIWENHUAJINXINGJIANNANDESIXIANGXINGCHUANGZAO,YAOSHIMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA,JIUBIXUANZHAOZHONGGUOTEDIANQUYINGYONGTA。ZUOWEIZHONGGUOTEDIANZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFENDENEISHENGXINGSIWEILUOJI,ZUIJUDAIBIAOXINGDEJIUSHIGUANCHUANZHONGGUOLISHIJINCHENGDEJINGSHIGUANXIFANGFALUN,TEBIESHIYIZHANGXUECHENGWEIDAIBIAODECHULIJINGSHIGUANXIWENTIDE“LIUJINGJIESHI”FANGFALUN,DUIMAOZEDONGZAIYANANSHIQIBUDUANTUIJINMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA,SHIDEDANGNEISIXIANGDEYITONGYIZHIWEIZHONGYAO。YOUXUEZHEZHICHUZHEIQIZHONGDENEIZAIGUANXI:“ZAIMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEZHONGGUOHUADEGUOCHENGZHONG,LISHIZHUYIFANGFAHUODELEHENDAFAZHAN。RUGUOSHUO,ZHEDONGSHIXUEZHUZHANGJISHIERQIUDAO,JINHUALUNZHETICHUMINGBIANERQIUYIN,NEIMEWEIWUSHIGUANZEJINERYAOQIUCONGLISHIHELUOJIDETONGYIZHONGLAIJIESHIFAZHANDEZHENZHENGGENJU,BAWOMAODUNFAZHANDEQUANGUOCHENG。MAOZEDONGHENZHONGSHIFANGFALUNDEYANJIU。”203“LIUJINGJIESHI”YUMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUAERZHETONGYANGMIANLINCHUZHIZISHENJINGSHIDEGUANXIWENTI,QINEIZAIDEJINGSHISIWEILUOJIJUYOUMOUZHONGCHENGDUDEXIANGSIXING,JIJUFANGFALUNQISHI。

(一)反对教条主义:尊经之地位,重史之作用

配资推荐聚股盘ZHANGXUECHENGRENWEILIUJINGBINGFEIDAOZHIHUIHONGQUANTI,TIDAO、SHIDAO、HONGDAOXUYIJINGSHIWEIBEN,YISHISHIWEIDA,BUKEBAOSHOULIUJINGYIWEIJIAOTIAO,XUZHUZHONGJINGSHIZHISHIXUE,NASHIRUJING,ZHEIJI“LIUJINGJIESHI”ZHIYAOYI。TONGSHI,YOUYAOBUDUANCONG“SHI”ZHONGZONGJIETILIANXINDAO。NASHIRUJING,ZUNSHIWEIJING,ZHEIJIKEDADAOZUNJINGZHIXIAOGUO,YIKETIGAOSHIZHIDIWEI,BIMIANJIANGJINGXUEJIAOTIAOHUA。ZHANGTAIYANYIZHICHU“JINGZHEZONGZHI”204。“GUZHIZUOZHE,CHUANGZHIERYI,HOUSHENGYIQISHIFATIAOLIZESHI,PANQISHIFATIAOLIZEFEI。”205HOURENZHIXUSHIQUQI“SHIFATIAOLI”。“GUWEIBIKEFEI,SUOZHEZHONGDE,ZAISHANYUTUICHAN,JIASHINENGGOUFAHUITADEJINGYI,HULVETADECUJI。”206DUICI,FANWENLANJIANGQIYUXUEXIMAKESIZHUYILICHANG、GUANDIAN、FANGFAXIANGJIEHE,RONGHEERZHE,DADAOLELUHUOCHUNQINGZHIJINGJIE。“WOMENYAOCONGJINGDIANZHUZUOLIXUEXIYANJIULISHIDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA,GENGYAOCONGJINTIANDELISHILIXUEXIYANJIULISHIDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA。”207XUEXIMAKESIZHUYIYIRUCI,“YAOQIUSHENSI,ZUIYAOBUDEDESHIMAOSI。XUEXILILUNSHIYAOXUEXIMAKESIZHUYICHULIWENTIDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA。……ZHEICAISHIXUEXIMAKESIZHUYIDEQISHENSI。MAOSISHIBUGUANJUTISHIJIAN……SHIJIAOTIAOZHUYI。”208

ZHEIYUMAOZEDONGSIKAODANGNEIJINGSHIWENTI,JIMAKESIZHUYI(“JING”)YUZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIAN(“SHI”)GUANXIYOUZHEJIXIANGSIDEFANGFALUN。TONGGUOFANWENLANZUOWEIERZHANGYUMAOZEDONGDESIXIANGQIAOLIANG,MAOZEDONGCONGZHANGXUECHENGNEILIJIQULE“LIUJINGJIESHI”SUOYUNHANDEJINGSHIGUANZHEIYIZHEDONGSHIXUEJINGHUA。MAOZEDONGSHIMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUOWEIGONGCHANDANGRENDE“LAOZUZONG”,YISHENGZUNFENG。DANTASHENZHIJIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTI,XUZHIXIAOGUOQING,JI“SHIBIANZHICHUYUHOUZHE”ZHISHI,YAOBAXINGUILVBUDUANTILIANCHULAI,ZUOWEIZHIDAOZHONGGUOGEMINGDEFANGFALUN。ZHEIJIZHONGTIXIANZAIYANANZHENGFENGYUNDONGZHONG,SHIZHIJIUSHIDANGNEIDEJINGSHIWENTIJIMAKESIZHUYIRUHEZHONGGUOHUADEWENTI。TONGGUOZHENGFENGYUNDONGJIEJUEDANGNEIDEJINGSHIWENTI,SHIMAKESIZHUYIDEYICHEDIZHONGGUOHUA,YOUCICAINENGJIZUNMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUO,BAGUANCHUANQIZHONGDELICHANG、GUANDIAN、FANGFATILIANCHULAIZHIDAOGEMING,BUZHIYUFANJIAOTIAOZHUYIZHICUOWU,YOUNENGGENJUZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANZHISHI,BUDUANZONGJIETILIANXINGUILV,NASHIRUJING,SHIDEZHONGGUOGEMINGZAIJINGSHIGUANXIJIMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADEBUDUANFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,CHEDIJIEJUEZHONGGUOGEMINGWENTI。

(二)经世致用,注重实践

ZHANGXUECHENGDE“LIUJINGJIESHI”SHUOLITUYIJINGSHIGUANXIZHIXINSHIJIAOGUANCHEZHEDONGSHIXUEJINGSHIZHIYONGCHUANTONG,ZHENDUIHANSONGZHIXUELIUBIZHICHU“JUNZIZHIXUESHU,WEINENGCHISHIERJIUPIAN”209。XUESIJIEHE,JIBUNENGWUQIYIWEIDAO,GENGBUNENGLIQIERYANDAO,LISHIERYANLI,“CIZEFUZIHUIRENZHIXINGHEYIZHIDAOYE”210。“LIUJINGJIESHI”ZONGZHIJIZHIXINGHEYIZHISHIJIANLUN。ZHANGTAIYANCENGYAN:“JINGYUSHIGUANXIZHISHEN,ZHANGSHIZHAIYUN‘LIUJINGJIESHI’,CIYANSHIYE。”211《LUNYU·XIANJIN》ZAI:“ZILUSHIZIGAOWEIFEIZAI。ZIYUE:‘ZEIFURENZHIZI。’ZILUYUE:‘YOUMINRENYAN,YOUSHEJIYAN,HEBIDUSHU,RANHOUWEIXUE?’ZIYUE:‘SHIGUEFUNINGZHE。’”KONGZIRENWEIZHIMINYUSHISHENJIEWEIGUOZHIDASHI,YAOJIESHOUJIAOYUFANGKERUSHI,FOUZEBIHUIMANSHENERNVEMIN。ZHANGXUECHENGRENWEICIZHANGKEZUOBIEJIE,XUEFEIZHIYOUSONGDUYITU,RUBUSHIZHENDUIZIGAOWEIZAIERYAN,ZILUZHIYANWEIBIWEIFEI。“ZILUYUE:‘YOUMINRENYAN,YOUSHEJIYAN,HEBIDUSHU,RANHOUWEIXUE?’FUZICHIYIWEININGZHE,GAIYIZIGAOWEIZAI,BURUOSHISHUO,FEIWEIXUEBIZHUANYUSONGDUYE。ZHUANYUSONGDUERYANXUE,SHIRUZHILOUYE。”GU“BIJIANYUXINGSHI”212,FANGKEWEIZHENXUE。ZHANGTAIYANYIRUCIKAN:“YIQIANZILUSHUOGUO‘YOUMINRENYAN,YOUSHEJIYAN,HEBIDUSHU,RANHOUWEIXUE?’ZHEIHUABINGWEIJIANGCUO。CONGGUDAOJIN,YOUYIZHONGRENTONGHENSULI,TONGHENGUANLIAO,DANSHIZIJIJIANGLUNZHENGZHIDUONIAN,YIDANDANRENZHIWU,WANGWANGBUNENGJIDAOTAMEN。ZHEIGEYUANYIN,BIANSHIYIZAIKONGLUN,YIZAISHIXI。SUOYI,WOYIWEIJIANGDAOSHIYONG,XUEWENBUGUOZHANSANFENZHIYIDELILIANG,SANFENZHIERDELILIANG,SHIKAOZIJIDELIANXI。ZILUDEHUA,BINGWEISHUOCUO,BUGUOLVEXIANGUOFENYIXIEBALE。”213KEJIAN,SHENSHOUZHEDONGSHIXUEJINGSHICHUANTONGYINGXIANGZHIERZHANG,JIEPOZHONGSHISHIJIANZHIZUOYONG。

MAOZEDONGSUIWEITANJICIZHANG,DANZAISHIJIANZHONGXUEXIDEJINGSHENZEYIYIGUANZHI。“ZHENLIDEBIAOZHUNZHINENGSHISHEHUIDESHIJIAN。”214YANANSHIQI,WULUNSHILIUXUESULIANDEMALIEJIAOTIAOZHUYIZHE,HAISHILIUXUEOUMEIDEYANGXUESHUOJIAOTIAOZHUYIZHE,DUIZHONGGUOLISHITEBIESHIDANGSHIHEJINBAINIANSHIJIEBUSHENDONG,BUYIWEICHIFANYIWEIRONG,ZHIZHISHENGTUNHUOBODITANWAIGUO,CHUANRANDAODANGNEIJIUBIANCHENGLILUNYUSHIJIANXIANGTUOLIDEXUEFENG,“DUIZHONGGUOWENTIFANERWUXINGQU,DUIDANGDEZHISHIFANERBUZHONGSHI,TAMENYIXINXIANGWANGDE,JIUSHICONGXIANSHENGNEILIXUELAIDEJUSHUOSHIWANGUBUBIANDEJIAOTIAO”215。MAOZEDONGTONGPIZHEIZHISHI“QILELIUSHENGJIDEZUOYONG”,WANGJITONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANCHUANGZAOXINLILUNZHIZEREN。ZAIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUTACENGDUIWAIBINSHUO:“YIFABIAOGUODEDONGXI,WANQUANMANYIDEHENSHAO。RU《SHIJIANLUN》JIUSHIBIJIAOMANYIDE,《MAODUNLUN》JIUBINGBUHENMANYI。”216MAOZEDONGTEBIEKANZHONGBAMAKESIZHUYISHIJIANGUANYUZHONGGUOZHEXUEZHIXINGHEYIGUANSHENDURONGHUIGUANTONGERCHENGDE《SHIJIANLUN》。ZHENGSHIYINWEITABAMAKESIZHUYIDESHIJIANGUANYUZHONGGUOGUDIANJINGSHIZHIYONGDEJINGSHICHUANTONGRONGHUIGUANTONG,NEIHUAWEIGEMINGLILUN,BINGWAIHUAYUGEMINGSHIJIAN,CAICONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUELEJINDAIYILAIZHONGGUORENDELILUNQIUSUO,ZAIJINGSHENSHANGCONGBEIDONGZHUANWEIZHUDONG,ZAIGEMINGDOUZHENGSHIJIANZHONGSHIXIANLEJIANGUOSUYUAN。

(三)向群众学习,走群众路线

配资推荐聚股盘《ZHOUYI·TAIGUA》YUN:“TIANDIJIAOERWANWUTONGYE,SHANGXIAJIAOERQIZHITONGYE。”《ZHONGYONG》YUN:“‘YUANFEILITIAN,YUYUEYUYUAN。’YANQISHANGXIACHAYE。JUNZIZHIDAO,ZAODUANHUFUFU,JIQIZHIYE,CHAHUTIANDI。”WANGYANGMINGGENGMINGYAN:“YUYUFUYUFUTONGDE,SHIWEITONGDE。YUYUFUYUFUYIDE,SHIWEIYIDUAN。”217ZHONGGUOSHENGXIANJIJINGDIANSHIZHONGZHONGSHIYUFUYUFU,ZOUSHANGXIAXIANGJIAODEQUNZHONGLUXIAN。ZHANGXUECHENGGAODUZHONGSHIJINGDIANPUXIZHICHUANCHENG,MINGQUEZHICHU“XUEYUZHONGREN,SIWEISHENGREN”218。FOURENSHENGRENSHIGUAN,ZOUDEJIUSHIQUNZHONGLUXIAN。QISHI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEQUNZHONGLUXIANJILAIYUANYUWEIWUSHIGUAN,YOUYOUZHONGHUAWENHUADENEIZAILISHIYUANYUAN。CISIXIANGPUXIYIWEIZHANGTAIYAN、FANWENLANYIYIGUANZHI。ZHANGTAIYANCENGYAN:“FUSHIZHIJIZAI,DUODIWANGQINGXIANGSHI,HANYOUYANJIQIMIN。”219TAQINGXIANGDAZHONGZHIDAODEJIAZHIGUAN,“NONGRENYUDAODEWEIZUIGAO,QIRENLAOSHENKUXING,ZHONGSUIQINDONG……ZHISHIYUJIN,QUANWEIYUSHEN,ZELIYUDAODEYEYUYUAN”220,DUIZHISHIRENDAODEPINGESHENBUMAN。FANWENLANJICHENGFAZHANLERENMINSHIGUAN,ZAIXIUDING《ZHONGGUOTONGSHIJIANBIAN》SHICENGYAN:“BENSHUKENDINGLISHIDEZHURENSHILAODONGRENMIN,BAJIUXINGLEILISHIYIDIWANGJIANGXIANGZUOWEIZHURENDEGUANDIANFOUDINGLE。”221TAZHISUOYIDEDAOMAOZEDONGSHANGSHI,YUZAIQIZHUZUOZHONGGUANCHUANQUNZHONGLUXIANDERENMINSHIGUANSHENXIANGGUAN。

MAOZEDONGSHIZHONGJIANCHIRENMINSHILISHIDECHUANGZAOZHE,LIZHIHAIYUANLISHIWUTAISHANGDEZHENZHENGZHUREN。QIFANGFAJIUSHIMAKESIZHUYISHIGUANYU“XUEYUZHONGREN”WENMINGCHUANTONGXIANGJIEHE,CIJIGONGCHANDANGRENDEQUNZHONGLUXIAN。“JIANGQUNZHONGDEYIJIAN(FENSANDEWUXITONGDEYIJIAN)JIZHONGQILAI(JINGGUOYANJIU,HUAWEIJIZHONGDEXITONGDEYIJIAN),YOUDAOQUNZHONGZHONGQUZUOXUANCHUANJIESHI,HUAWEIQUNZHONGDEYIJIAN,SHIQUNZHONGJIANCHIXIAQU,JIANZHIYUXINGDONG,BINGZAIQUNZHONGXINGDONGZHONGKAOYANZHEIXIEYIJIANSHIFOUZHENGQUE。RANHOUZAICONGQUNZHONGZHONGJIZHONGQILAI,ZAIDAOQUNZHONGZHONGJIANCHIXIAQU。”222ZHEIYUZHANGXUECHENGSHUODE“XUEYUZHONGREN”JIXIANGSI。JIANGQUNZHONGYIJIANJIZHONGQILAI,JI“DAOZHIJI-DAOZHIZUO”;YOUDAOQUNZHONGZHONGQUZUOXUANCHUANHUAWEIQUNZHONGYIJIAN,SHIQUNZHONGJIANCHIXIAQUJIANZHIYUXINGDONG,JI“DAOZHIQI-DAOZHILI”。MAOZEDONGZAI《SHIJIANLUN》ZHONGZEBAQUNZHONGLUXIANFAHUIDELINLIJINZHI。“SHIJIAN、RENSHI、ZAISHIJIAN、ZAIRENSHI,ZHEIZHONGXINGSHI,XUNHUANWANGFUYIZHIWUQIONG,ERSHIJIANHERENSHIZHIMEIYIXUNHUANDENEIRONG,DOUBIJIAODIJINDAOLEGAOYIJIDECHENGDU。ZHEIJIUSHIBIANZHENGWEIWULUNDEQUANBURENSHILUN,ZHEIJIUSHIBIANZHENGWEIWULUNDEZHIXINGTONGYIGUAN。”223

XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,MAOZEDONGDUOCIZHONGSHENQIQUNZHONGSHIGUAN。1964NIANTAZAIYURENTANHUASHISHUO:“《MAOXUAN》,SHENMESHIWODE?ZHEISHIXUEDEZHUZUO。《MAOXUAN》LIDEZHEIXIEDONGXI,SHIQUNZHONGJIAOJIWOMENDE。”224YUZHANGTAIYANBAOYANGQUNZHONGDAODEGUANXIANGSI,MAOZEDONGYIYAN:“NAWEICENGGAIZAODEZHISHIFENZIHEGONGRENNONGMINBIJIAO,JIUJUEDEZHISHIFENZIBUGANJINGLE,ZUIGANJINGDEHAISHIGONGRENNONGMIN。”ZHISHIFENZIYAOXIANGZHENZHENGXIANGQUNZHONGXUEXI,BIXUZOUQUNZHONGLUXIAN。“WOMENZHISHIFENZICHUSHENDEWENYIGONGZUOZHE,YAOSHIZIJIDEZUOPINWEIQUNZHONGSUOHUANYING,JIUDEBAZIJIDESIXIANGGANQINGLAIYIGEBIANHUA,LAIYIFANGAIZAO。”225RUWEIJUBEIQUNZHONGGANQING、GONGNONGLICHANG,BIANXUEBUHAOYEZHANGWOBULEZHENZHENGDEMALIEZHUYI。“DUGUOMAKESIZHUYI‘BENBEN’DEXUDUOREN,CHENGLEGEMINGPANTU,NEIXIEBUSHIZIDEGONGRENCHANGCHANGNENGGOUHENHAODIZHANGWOMAKESIZHUYI。”226ZHEIXIANMINGTIXIANLEMAOZEDONGDERENMINSHIGUANYUQUNZHONGLICHANG。

(四)以时为大,与时俱进的真理观

ZHANGXUECHENGRENWEIGUANSHIXIANGFENNAI“SHIHUISHIRAN”。BUNENGBAOSHOUCANQUESHEJINQIUGU,XUYISHIWEIDA,JINGSHIWEIBEN,ZHEIJI“LIUJINGJIESHI”ZHIYAOYI。ZHANGTAIYANBALIUJINGSHIWEIKEZHENGXINDEGUSHICAILIAO,ERFEIWEIWANSHILIFAZHIJING,XIAOJIEQISHENSHENGXING。TATIAOCHUJINGXUESIWEIMOSHI,GAIBIANCHUANTONG“DUSHUDEZHI”DEKANFA,XIANGKEGUANSHIJIEQIUDAO。ZAIFANWENLANKANLAI,“JING”BUNENGDANGCHENGSHENSHENGJIAOTIAO,“JINGZUOWEI‘SHENGXUN’LAIBEISONG,SIJIAOTIAOCHENGWEISHUFUSIXIANGDEZHIGU”227。JINGXUESHIFENGJIANSHEHUIDECHANWU,“WUSI”HOUZHIXINSHIDAI,JINGXUEFAZHAN“XINDEKANGZHUANGDADAO”JISHI“BIANJINGXUEWEISHIXUE”,“XINMINZHUZHUYIDEWENHUAGEMING,BIXUGAIBIANJINGXUEWEISHIXUE,BIXUFANDUIWANGUXINGDEDAOTONGGUANNIAN”。228JINGXUESUIZOUXIASHENTAN,QUENAJINGRUSHI,SHIJINGXUEZAIFENGFUDELISHISHIJIANZHONGZOUXIANGXINSHENG。

ZAIMAOZEDONGKANLAI,MAKESIZHUYIBINGFEI“WANGUBUBIANDEJIAOTIAO”,BINGWEIQIONGJINZHENLI。TASUIRANQIANGDIAOYAOZUNZHONGLISHI,DANBUSHISONGGUFEIJIN,ERSHIYONGWEIWUSHIGUANJIYULISHIYIKEXUEJIESHI。“DUIYURENMINQUNZHONGHEQINGNIANXUESHENG,ZHUYAODIBUSHIYINDAOTAMENXIANGHOUKAN,ERSHIYAOYINDAOTAMENXIANGQIANKAN。”229ZHEIJISHIMAOZEDONGDEZHENLIGUAN。SHEHUISHIJIANGUOCHENGWUQIONG,JUEDINGLERENSHIGUOCHENGZHIWUQIONG,BAOKUOMAKESIZAINEIDERENHEWEIRENDOUSHENCHUTEDINGSHIDAIZHONG,BUKENENGZHANGWOJUEDUIZHENLI,ZHINENGSHIRENSHIJUEDUIZHENLIGUOCHENGZHONGDEYIBUFEN、YIHUANJIE。ZHENGSHIBAMAKESIZHUYIZHI“JING”,CHENGGONGYUNYONGYUZHONGGUOZHISHIJIGEMINGSHIJIANZHONG,MAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUACAINENGDEYICHIXUTUIJIN。YUCITONGSHI,MAOZEDONGJIANCHIYUSHIJUJINDIRENSHIGUOQING,“YUNDONGZAIFAZHANZHONG,YOUYOUXINDEDONGXIZAIQIANTOU,XINDONGXISHICENGCHUBUQIONGDE”230。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,MAOZEDONGJINYIBUCHANSHIQIYUSHIJUJINDEZHENLIGUAN:“ZHENLIBUSHIYICIWANCHENGDE,ERSHIZHUBUWANCHENGDE。……WOMENDUIYUSHEHUIZHUYISHIQIDEGEMINGHEJIANSHE,HAIYOUYIGEHENDADEMANGMUXING……CONGQIZHONGZHAOCHUTADEGUYOUDEGUILV,YIBIANLIYONGZHEIXIEGUILVWEISHEHUIZHUYIDEGEMINGHEJIANSHEFUWU。”231ZHEILISUOYAN“ZHAOCHUTADEGUYOUDEGUILV”,YUZHANGXUECHENG“LIUJINGJIESHI”DENEIHAN“GUGUIYUE《LIUJING》ZHIZHIERSUISHIZHUANSHUYIJIUDADAOYE”232KEWEIYIMAIXIANGCHENG。MAOZEDONGSHENZHISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEZAIBUDUANFAZHAN,SHIJIANJINGYANDELILUNZONGJIEYIYAOBUDUANFAZHAN,ZHUIQIUZHENLIDEGUOCHENGWUQIONGWUJIN,GONGCHANDANGRENRUBUNENGJIANCHIYUSHIJUJINDEZHENLIGUAN,NEIJIUBUSHIZHENZHENGDEMAKESIZHUYIZHE。

六、余论:道事之间——经史关系中的历史与信仰

“YISHIYANWEIZHISHI,YIDAOYANWEIZHIJING。SHIJIDAO,DAOJISHI。”233ZAIZHONGGUOJINGSHICHUANTONGZHONG,DAOYUSHISHIZHONGSHIQIHEXINYITI。WULUNSHIZHANGXUECHENGDE“LIUJINGJIESHI”,HAISHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDANGNEIDEJINGSHIWENTIJIMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA,DOUYAOMIANDUIZISHENJINGSHIGUANXIZHONGDESHIYUDAOJILISHIYUXINYANG。“ZHONGGUOYOUGEYILISHIWEIBENDEJINGSHENSHIJIE,HUOZHESHUO,LISHINAIZHONGGUOJINGSHENSHIJIEZHIGENJI。……LISHISUOYICHENGWEIZHONGGUOJINGSHENSHIJIEZHIBEN,QIGENYUANZAIYUJINGSHIYITI,SUOWEILIUJINGJIESHI。”234ZHANGXUECHENGDE“LIUJINGJIESHI”,LIUJINGLAIZIYUYOUZHIDUSHIJIANZHICHENGZHIGUSHI;ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDE“MAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA”,YIBIXUBAMAKESIZHUYILIJIYUFENGFUDEZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANZHIZHONG。ERZHEDEQUEDOUSHIJINGSHIYITI,YISHIZAIDAO,YISHISHIJING,LISHIYUXINYANGJIUZAISHIJIANFAZHANZHIZHONGCHENGWEIZHONGGUORENDEJINGSHENSHIJIE。

ZAIZHANGXUECHENGKANLAI,LIUJINGJIEXIANWANGZHENGDIAN,QIEHEDANGSHIRENSHI,JINGJIGUSHI,SHIJIXINJING。“LIUJINGJIESHI”KANSIZUNSHIYIJING,ERZHANGXUECHENGFEIYIJINGZHIREN,DUIJINGJIDAOZHIXINYANG,KEWEIDUXINBUYI。“SUNYISUIYUESUISHI,WEIYOUBOYAO、SHUNERDICHIYU、TANG、WEN、WU、ZHOUGONGERKEYIWEIZHIZHE。……WEIYOUBUYUGUXIANSHENGWANGZHIDAODEQIFANGFOZHEYE。”235ZHANGXUECHENGSHIZAIZUNJINGDEQIANTIXIANASHIRUJING,ZUNSHIWEIJING。“LIUJINGJIESHI”NEIHANQIGAOKANGDESANDAILIXIANG,JIYISHIXUEZUOWEIYIQIEJINGDIANZHIGENDI,RANGJINGJIDUIDAOZHIXINYANGJUYOULESHIXUEJICHU。YOUCI,JINGZHIDIWEIGENGJIAGONGGU,TONGSHISHIYOUBEITAISHENGDAOZUOWEIJINGJIXINYANGDEHEFAXINGJICHUDEDIWEI。CAOJINQINGZHICHU:“ZHONGGUOSHIYIGELISHIGANHENQIANGDEMINZU。ZHONGGUOMEIYOUXIFANGYIYISHANGDEZONGJIAO,YEMEIYOUXIFANGYIYISHANGDEZHEXUE,ZHONGGUODESHIXUECHENGZAIZHEXIFANGSHIXUE、ZHEXUEHEZONGJIAOSANZHONGZEREN,WEIXIZHEZHONGHUAMINZUDEWENHUARENTONG。ZHANGXUECHENGJIANG‘LIUJINGJIESHI’,WOJUEDEFEICHANGSHENKE。”236YINCI,JINGFEIKONGYAN,SHIFEICAILIAO,XINYANGJIYUZHENGSHI,LISHIYIYOUJINGXUN。“ZAIFUZABIANHUADELISHIGUANXIZHONG,JIANCHILIZHIDEXINGSHIZHUYISHIWUYONGDE,YIWEIKAOJUGUZHIHEJINGSHUDELIYIYESHIBUGOUDE,ZHONGYAODESHITONGGUJINZHIBIAN,CONGHUOSHENGSHENGDESHENGHUOSHIJIANNEIBULAILIJIESHIJIE,CONG‘ZIRAN’ZHIZHONGLIJIE‘BUDEBURAN’。ZHEIJIUSHIZHANGXUECHENGDELISHIGUAN。”237YOUCI,DAOLIJIYUYUANYUANBUDUANDEZHIDUSHIJIANZHISHI,LISHICHENGWEIXINYANGZHIJIANSHIJIZUO。

配资推荐聚股盘YANANSHIQIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGKAIZHANLEJUSHIZHUMU、YINGXIANGSHENYUANDE“ZHENGFENGYUNDONG”。QIHEXINWENTIYISHISHICHULIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDANGNEIDEJINGSHIGUANXI,JIMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANLILUN(“JING”)YUZHONGGUOLISHISHIJIAN(“SHI”)ZHIGUANXI。MAKESIZHUYISHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENZHI“JING”,“ZICONGZHONGGUORENXUEHUILEMAKESILIENINGZHUYIYIHOU,ZHONGGUORENZAIJINGSHENSHANGJIUYOUBEIDONGZHUANRUZHUDONG”238。ZUNJINGSHIQIANTI,DANYOUBUNENGMIXINBENBEN,BIANCHENGJIAOTIAOZHUYIZHE。MAKESIZHUYIBINGFEI“WANGUBUBIANDEJIAOTIAO”,BINGWEIQIONGJINZHENLI。SHEHUISHIJIANWUQIONG,RENSHIZHENLIZHIGUOCHENGYIWUQIONG,RENHERENDOUBUKENENGZHANGWOJUEDUIZHENLI。“MAKESILIENINGZHUYIBINGMEIYOUJIESHUZHENLI,ERSHIZAISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANDIKAIPIRENSHIZHENLIDEDAOLU。”239ZHEIJISHIYIMAOZEDONGWEIDAIBIAODEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDEZHENLIGUAN。MAKESIZHUYIBINGFEIKONGYANZHUSHU,ERSHIBUDUANJINGSHIJIANJIANYANDEKEXUEZHENLI,TEBIESHIBEIXIANJINZHISHIFENZISUOJIESHOU,ZHUBUYUZHONGGUOGEMINGFASHENGJINMIGUANXIJINERZHONGGUOHUAHOU,YICICIBEISHIJIANZHENGMINGSHIGEMINGDEKEXUEDEZHENLI。

MAOZEDONGYISHENGZUIWEIZHONGSHIDEJIUSHISHIGUANWENTI,QI《WEIXINLISHIGUANDEPOCHAN》YIWENBAWEIWUSHIGUANZAIZHONGGUOYUJINGZHONGFAHUIDELINLIJINZHI,ZHEIKEWEIMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUAZHISIXIANGZONGGANG。WENTIYISHIJIMAKESIZHUYIBIXUYUZHONGGUOLISHIWENHUA、ZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANXIANGJIEHE,SHIXIANBENTUHUA。MAKESIZHUYIZUOWEI“JING”,YIJINGGUOZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANZHISHIDEJIANYAN,TONGGUOLISHICHENDIAN,XINYANGYIBIANDEQINGXI。YOULEZHENSHILISHIZHICHENGDEXINYANGJIUBUZAIKONGDONG,FENGFUDELISHIGUOCHENGBENSHEN,JINGGUO“SUISHIZHUANSHU”,QIZISHENJIUYININGLIANCHENGWEIXINDEXINYANG;YOULEJIANDINGXINYANGZHIYINDELISHIJIUBUZAIMISHIFANGXIANG,KEXUEDEXINYANGBENSHENJIUSHIYIZHONGLISHIJINCHENGDEKEGUANFANYING。“YISHIYANWEIZHISHI,YIDAOYANWEIZHIJING。”YOUCI,ZAIFENGFUDESHIJIANFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,LISHIBEITISHENGWEIYIZHONGLISHIZHEXUE,SHIJIDAO,SHIJIJING,LISHIHUAWEILEXINYANG。

本文是国家社会科学基金青年项目“思想史视域下的马克思主义中国化研究”(项目编号:19CKS005)的阶段性成果。


【注释】

①ZHANGTAIYAN:《JINGDEDAYI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE2015NIANBAN,DI99YE。

配资推荐聚股盘②FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,BEIJING:ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUECHUBANSHE1979NIANBAN,DI269YE。

配资推荐聚股盘③MAOZEDONG:《配资公司 JINGXUEWENTIJIFANWENLANDEXIN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI2JUAN,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1993NIANBAN,DI296YE。

④TONGDONG:《WODELISHI》,ZAIBEIJINGTUSHUGUAN《WENXIAN》CONGKANBIANJIBU(BIAN):《ZHONGGUODANGDAISHEHUIKEXUEJIACHUAN》DI4JI,BEIJING:SHUMUWENXIANCHUBANSHE1983NIANBAN,DI84YE。

⑤FUSINIAN:《LISHIYUYANYANJIUSUOGONGZUOZHIZHIQU》,ZAI《FUSINIANQUANJI》DI3JUAN,ZHANGSHA:HUNANJIAOYUCHUBANSHE2003NIANBAN,DI3YE。

配资推荐聚股盘⑥FANWENLAN:《KANKANHUSHIDE“LISHIDETAIDU”HE“KEXUEDEFANGFA”》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI263YE。

⑦MAYA:《BAINIANFUXING:ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDESHIDAIXUSHIYULISHISHIMING——ZHUANFANGCAOJINQING》,ZAIMAYA:《ZHONGGUODAOLUYUZHONGGUOXUEPAI》,BEIJING:ZHONGXINCHUBANSHE2016NIANBAN,DI269YE。

配资推荐聚股盘⑧WANGYANGMING:《CHUANXILU》,ZAIWUGUANGDENG(BIANXIAO):《WANGYANGMINGQUANJI》SHANGCE,SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE2011NIANBAN,DI11YE。

⑨LIZHI:《FENSHU·XUFENSHU》,ZAILIWENLING(ZHU)、ZHANGYE(ZHENGLI):《LIZHIWENJI》,BEIJING:YANSHANCHUBANSHE1998NIANBAN,DI258YE。

配资推荐聚股盘⑩ZHOUYUTONG:《ZHANGXUECHENG“LIUJINGJIESHISHUO”CHUTAN》,ZAIZHUWEIZHENG(BIAN):《ZHOUYUTONGJINGXUESHILUNZHUXUANJI》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1983NIANBAN,DI718YE。

配资推荐聚股盘11DAIZHEN:《YUDUANRUOYINGLUNLISHU》,ZAI《DAIZHENQUANJI》DI1CE,BEIJING:QINGHUADAXUECHUBANSHE1991NIANBAN,DI213YE。

12WANGHUI:《XIANDAIZHONGGUOSIXIANGDEXINGQI》SHANGJUANDI1BU(LIYUWU),BEIJING:SANLIANSHUDIAN2015NIANBAN,DI459YE。

13DAOTIANQIANCI:《LIUJINGJIESHISHUO》,ZAILIUJUNWEN(ZHUBIAN):《RIBENXUEZHEYANJIUZHONGGUOSHILUNZHUXUANYI》DI7JUAN(SIXIANGZONGJIAO),XUYANGZHUDENGYI,BEIJING:ZHONGHUASHUJU1993NIANBAN,DI184YE。

14YUYINGSHI:《“LIUJINGJIESHI”SHUOFAWEI》,ZAIYUYINGSHI:《LUNDAIZHENYUZHANGXUECHENG:QINGDAIZHONGQIXUESHUSIXIANGSHIYANJIU》,BEIJING:SANLIANSHUDIAN2012NIANBAN,DI52、61YE。

15ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·JINGJIEXIA》,ZAIZHANGXUECHENG(ZHU)、CANGXIULIANG(BIANZHU):《WENSHITONGYIXINBIANXINZHU》,BEIJING:SHANGWUYINSHUGUAN2017NIANBAN,DI87YE。YIXIAFANYINYONG《WENSHITONGYI》,JIECHUZICIBANBEN。

16ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·JINGJIESHANG》,DI76YE。

17TONGSHANG。

18TONGSHANG。

配资推荐聚股盘19ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YIJIAOSHANG》,DI2YE。

配资推荐聚股盘20ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·JIASHUER》,DI818YE。

21ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·JIYUDAIDONGYUANLUNXIUZHI》,DI885YE。

22ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·SHANGZHUDASIMALUNWENSHU》,DI768YE。

23ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·SHIDE》,DI265YE。

配资推荐聚股盘24ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·DAKEWENSHANG》,DI252YE。

配资推荐聚股盘25ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·ZHEDONGXUESHU》,DI122YE。

配资推荐聚股盘26ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YIJIAOSHANG》,DI1YE。

配资推荐聚股盘27ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOZHONG》,DI101YE。

28ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·SHANGZHUZHONGTANGSHISHU》,DI761YE。

29ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOZHONG》,DI101YE。

30ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOSHANG》,DI30YE。

31TONGSHANG,DI95YE。

32TONGSHANG。

33ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOZHONG》,DI101YE。

配资推荐聚股盘34ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUCHENJIANTINGLUNXUE》,DI719YE。

35ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·DAKEWENSHANG》,DI253YE。

配资推荐聚股盘36ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOXIA》,DI104YE。

配资推荐聚股盘37YUYINGSHI:《“LIUJINGJIESHI”SHUOFAWEI》,ZAIYUYINGSHI:《LUNDAIZHENYUZHANGXUECHENG:QINGDAIZHONGQIXUESHUSIXIANGSHIYANJIU》,DI60YE。

配资推荐聚股盘38ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YURUANXUESHILUNQIUYISHU》,DI757YE。

配资推荐聚股盘39ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·SHISHI》,DI272YE。

40ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOSHANG》,DI97YE。

配资推荐聚股盘41ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUSHAOERYUNLUNXUE》,DI665YE。

42ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·SHISHI》,DI271YE。

43TONGSHANG。

44YUYINGSHI:《“LIUJINGJIESHI”SHUOFAWEI》,ZAIYUYINGSHI:《LUNDAIZHENYUZHANGXUECHENG:QINGDAIZHONGQIXUESHUSIXIANGSHIYANJIU》,DI60YE。

45ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·SHISHI》,DI271YE。

46ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOSHANG》,DI95YE。

47TONGSHANG。

48HOUWAILU:《ZHONGGUOSIXIANGTONGSHI》,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE2011NIANBAN,478YE。

49ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOZHONG》,DI101YE。

50ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·BIANYI》,DI192YE。

51ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOSHANG》,DI95YE。

52ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANXUEZHONG》,DI44YE。

53YUYINGSHI:《QIANMUYUXINRUJIA》,ZAIYUYINGSHI:《XIANDAIWEIJIYUSIXIANGRENWU》,BEIJING:SANLIANSHUDIAN2012NIAN,DI528YE。

54WANGHUI:《XIANDAIZHONGGUOSIXIANGDEXINGQI》SHANGJUANDI1BU(LIYUWU),DI485—486YE。

配资推荐聚股盘55ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANXUEZHONG》,DI110YE。

56ZHOUYUTONG:《ZHANGXUECHENG“LIUJINGJIESHISHUO”CHUTAN》,ZAIZHUWEIZHENG(BIAN):《ZHOUYUTONGJINGXUESHILUNZHUXUANJI》,DI724YE。

57ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUWANGLONGZHUANGSHU》,DI694YE。

58HUSHI:《ZHANGSHIZHAIXIANSHENGNIANPUXU》,ZAIJIXIANLIN(ZHUBIAN)、JIWEILONG(ZHENGLI):《HUSHIQUANJI》DI19JUAN,HEFEI:ANHUIJIAOYUCHUBANSHE2003NIANBAN,DI29YE。

配资推荐聚股盘59DAOTIANQIANCI:《LIUJINGJIESHISHUO》,ZAILIUJUNWEN(ZHUBIAN):《RIBENXUEZHEYANJIUZHONGGUOSHILUNZHUXUANYI》DI7JUAN(SIXIANGZONGJIAO),DI183YE、DI182YE。

60ZHANGTAIYAN:《QINGRU》,ZAIHONGZHIGANG(ZHUBIAN):《ZHANGTAIYANJINGDIANWENCUN》,SHANGHAIDAXUECHUBANSHE2003NIANBAN,DI141YE。

配资推荐聚股盘61LIANGQICHAO:《QINGDAIXUESHUGAILUN》,SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE1998NIANBAN,DI95YE。

配资推荐聚股盘62ZHOUYUTONG:《KANGYOUWEIYUZHANGTAIYAN》,ZAIZHUWEIZHENG(BIAN):《ZHOUYUTONGJINGXUESHILUNZHUXUANJI》,DI109YE。

63TANXIAN:《FUTANGRIJI》,SHIJIAZHUANG:HEBEIRENMINCHUBANSHE2001NIANBAN,DI17YE。

64ZHANGTAIYAN:《ZISHUZHIXUEZHIGONGFUJIZHIXIANG》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI505YE。

配资推荐聚股盘65ZHANGTAIYAN:《JINGDEDAYI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI99YE。

66TONGSHANG,DI98YE。

67TONGSHANG,DI99YE。

68ZHANGTAIYAN:《LISHIZHIZHONGYAO》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI491YE。

69ZHANGTAIYAN:《LUNJINGSHIRUZHIFENHE》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI591YE。

配资推荐聚股盘70ZHANGTAIYAN:《JINGYIYUZHISHI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI455YE。

71ZHANGTAIYAN:《LUNDUJINGYOULIERWUBI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI569YE。

配资推荐聚股盘72ZHANGTAIYAN:《YUANJING》,ZAIHONGZHIGANG(ZHUBIAN):《ZHANGTAIYANJINGDIANWENCUN》,DI153YE。

配资推荐聚股盘73TONGSHANG,DI157YE。

74ZHANGTAIYAN:《LUNJINGSHIRUZHIFENHE》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI591YE。

配资推荐聚股盘75ZHANGTAIYAN:《YUANJING》,ZAIHONGZHIGANG(ZHUBIAN):《ZHANGTAIYANJINGDIANWENCUN》,DI155YE。

76TONGSHANG,DI155YE。

配资推荐聚股盘77TONGSHANG,DI154YE。

78ZHANGTAIYAN:《JINGYIYUZHISHI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI455—456YE。

79ZHANGTAIYAN:《YUANJING》,ZAIHONGZHIGANG(ZHUBIAN):《ZHANGTAIYANJINGDIANWENCUN》,DI159YE。

配资推荐聚股盘80TONGSHANG,DI157—158YE。

81ZHANGTAIYAN:《GUOXUESHIJIANG》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI319YE。

82ZHANGTAIYAN:《ZHUZIXUELVESHUO》,ZAIHONGZHIGANG(ZHUBIAN):《ZHANGTAIYANJINGDIANWENCUN》,DI91YE。

83ZHANGTAIYAN:《DATIEZHENG》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·TAIYANWENLUCHUBIAN》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE2014NIANBAN,DI388—389YE。

84ZHANGTAIYAN:《LUNDUJINGYOULIERWUBI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI567YE。

配资推荐聚股盘85ZHANGTAIYAN:《LUNJINGSHIRUZHIFENHE》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI599YE。

86ZHANGTAIYAN:《BOJIANLIKONGJIAOYI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·TAIYANWENLUCHUBIAN》,DI200—203YE。

配资推荐聚股盘87TONGSHANG,DI202YE。

配资推荐聚股盘88ZHANGTAIYAN:《YANJIUZHONGGUOWENXUEDETUJING》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI286YE。

89ZHANGTAIYAN:《LISHIZHIZHONGYAO》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI490YE。

配资推荐聚股盘90ZHANGTAIYAN:《JINGDEDAYI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI100YE。

91TONGSHANG,DI98YE。

92ZHANGTAIYAN:《LUNDUSHIZHILIYI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI601YE。

配资推荐聚股盘93ZHANGTAIYAN:《DINGKONG》,ZAIHONGZHIGANG(ZHUBIAN):《ZHANGTAIYANJINGDIANWENCUN》,DI133YE。

94ZHANGTAIYAN:《LISHIDEJIAZHI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI291—292YE。

配资推荐聚股盘95TONGSHANG,DI291YE。

配资推荐聚股盘96ZHANGTAIYAN:《ZAIDONGJINGLIUXUESHENGHUANYINGHUISHANGZHIYANJIANG》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI1YE。

97JINGSHIGUANYUGEMINGSHIJIANJINMIGUANLIAN。ZHOUYUTONGZHICHU:“ZHONGGUOGEMINGSIXIANGDEMENGYA,BUCHUYUQUANBUMINZHONGZHISHISHIDEXUQIU,ERYOUYUSHAOSHUQINGNIANZHIQINGGANDEMAOXIAN;ERZHIDAOZHEISHAOSHUQINGNIANCONGSHIGEMINGZHIXUESHUSIXIANG,ZEYOUBUSHICHUFAYUMEIGUODULIYUFAGUOGEMINGDELILUN,ERSHICHUFAYUZHONGGUOGUYOUDECHANGZHOUJINGJINWENXUEPAIYUZHEDONGSHIXUEPAIDEXUESHU。”ZHUWEIZHENG(BIAN):《ZHOUYUTONGJINGXUESHILUNZHUXUANJI》,DI108YE。ZHANGTAIYANZHIYANBUHUI:“XINHAIGEMINGPAIMAN,JIUSHIYOULISHILAIDE,BUSHIYOUXUELILAIDE。”ZHANGTAIYAN:《LISHIDEJIAZHI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI291YE。

98《FANWENLANQUANJI》DI8JUAN(《ZHONGGUOTONGSHIJIANBIAN》XIACE),SHIJIAZHUANG:HEBEIJIAOYUCHUBANSHE2002NIANBAN,DI655YE。

99FANWENLAN:《JINGXUEJIANGYANLU》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI331YE。

100FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI269YE。

配资推荐聚股盘101FANWENLAN:《YILUXUNXIANSHENG》,ZAI《FANWENLANQUANJI》DI10JUAN(WENJI),DI18YE。

102FANWENLAN:《CONGFANNAODAOKUAILE》,ZAI《ZHONGGUOQINGNIAN》DI3JUANDI2QI(1940NIAN12YUE)。

103TONGSHANG。

104ZHOUENLAI:《XUEXIMAOZEDONG》(1949NIAN5YUE7RI),ZAI《RENMINRIBAO》1978NIAN10YUE8RI,DI1BAN。

105FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI266YE。

106《FANWENLANQUANJI》DI7JUAN(《ZHONGGUOTONGSHIJIANBIAN》SHANGCE),DI75YE。

配资推荐聚股盘107FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI267YE。

108ZHUXIZU:《ZHANGTAIYANXIANSHENGZHISHIXUE》,ZAI《WENSHIZAZHI》DI5JUANDI11、12 QIHEKAN(1945NIAN12YUE)。

109FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI298YE。

110TONGSHANG,DI299YE。

111FANWENLAN:《JINGXUEJIANGYANLU》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI300—301YE。

112FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI267YE。

配资推荐聚股盘113TONGSHANG,DI273YE。

配资推荐聚股盘114TONGSHANG,DI298YE。

配资推荐聚股盘115TONGSHANG,DI296YE。

配资推荐聚股盘116TONGSHANG,DI299YE。

117FANWENLAN:《KANKANHUSHIDE“LISHIDETAIDU”HE“KEXUEDEFANGFA”》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI244YE。

118TONGSHANG,DI262YE。

119FANWENLAN:《LISHIYANJIUBIXUHOUJINBOGU》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI223YE。

配资推荐聚股盘120FANWENLAN:《JINGXUEJIANGYANLU》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI336YE。

配资推荐聚股盘121FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI295YE。

配资推荐聚股盘122FANWENLAN:《RUGUOSIZHENENGLIZAISHANSHANGKANDEHUA》,ZAI《FANWENLANQUANJI》DI10JUAN(WENJI),DI30YE。

123FANWENLAN:《KANKANHUSHIDE“LISHIDETAIDU”HE“KEXUEDEFANGFA”》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI263YE。

配资推荐聚股盘124FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI298YE。

配资推荐聚股盘125FANWENLAN:《LISHIYANJIUZHONGDEJIGEWENTI》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI216YE。

126TONGSHANG。

配资推荐聚股盘127TONGSHANG,DI208YE。

128《FANWENLANQUANJI》DI8JUAN(《ZHONGGUOTONGSHIJIANBIAN》XIACE),DI655YE。

配资推荐聚股盘129FANWENLAN:《JINGXUEJIANGYANLU》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI330YE。

配资推荐聚股盘130AIDEJIA·SINUO:《MAOZEDONGZICHUAN》,ZHANGZONGHANYI,ZAISINUODENG(ZHU)、LIUTONG(BIANZHU):《ZAONIANMAOZEDONG:CHUANJI、SHILIAOYUHUIYI》,BEIJING:SANLIANSHUDIAN2011NIANBAN,DI5YE。

配资推荐聚股盘131GONGYUZHI:《TINGMAOZEDONGTANZHEXUE》,ZAI《GONGYUZHIHUIYI:“YANWANGDIAN”JIUSHI》,NANCHANG:JIANGXIRENMINCHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI222YE。

132XIAOSAN:《MAOZEDONGDEQINGSHAONIANSHIDAIHECHUQIGEMINGHUODONG》,ZAISINUODENG(ZHU)、LIUTONG(BIANZHU):《ZAONIANMAOZEDONG》,DI86YE。

133LIUSHAOQI:《LUNDANG》,ZAI《LIUSHAOQIXUANJI》SHANGJUAN,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1981NIANBAN,DI336—337YE。

134MAOZEDONG:《ZAICHENGDOUHUIYISHANGDEJIANGHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI7JUAN,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1999NIANBAN,DI370YE。

配资推荐聚股盘135《MAOZEDONGYIJIUSANLIUNIANTONGSINUODETANHUA——配资公司 ZIJIDEGEMINGJINGLIHEHONGJUNZHANGZHENGDENGWENTI》,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1979NIANBAN,DI39YE。

配资推荐聚股盘136MAOZEDONG:《JICAIHESENDEXIN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI1JUAN,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1991NIANBAN,DI4YE。

配资推荐聚股盘137MAOZEDONG:《DUSULIAN〈ZHENGZHIJINGJIXUEJIAOKESHU〉DETANHUA(JIEXUAN)》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI8JUAN,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1999NIANBAN,DI109YE。

138MAOZEDONG:《FANDUIBENBENZHUYI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1991NIANBAN,DI111YE。

139MAOZEDONG:《ZHENGDUNDANGDEZUOFENG》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI820YE。

配资推荐聚股盘140ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1949—1976)》DI3JUAN,BEIJING:ZHONGYANGWENXIANCHUBANSHE2013NIANBAN,DI345YE。

配资推荐聚股盘141MAOZEDONG:《ZHENGDUNDANGDEZUOFENG》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI817YE。

142MAOZEDONG:《FANDUIZHUGUANZHUYIHEZONGPAIZHUYI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI2JUAN,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1993NIANBAN,DI372—373YE。

143FENGQIZHICHUJIAOTIAOZHUYIYUJINGXUEFANGFARUCHUYIZHE:“JIAOTIAOZHUYISHIFENGJIANJINGXUEFANGFAZAIMAKESIZHUYIWAIYIXIADEZHONGYAN。”《FENGQIWENJI》DI7JUAN(ZHONGGUOJINDAIZHEXUEDEGEMINGJINCHENG),SHANGHAI:HUADONGSHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE2016NIANBAN,DI602—603YE。

配资推荐聚股盘144MAOZEDONG:《ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIMINZUZHANZHENGZHONGDEDIWEI》,ZAIZHUNEISHI(JIANXIU)、MAOZEDONGWENXIANZILIAOYANJIUHUI(BIANJI):《MAOZEDONGJI》DI6JUAN(1938NIAN5YUE—1939NIAN8YUE),DONGJING:ZHUSHIHUISHECANGCANGSHE1983NIANBAN,DI259YE。

配资推荐聚股盘145ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1949—1976)》DI3JUAN,DI346YE。

146MAOZEDONG:《ZHENGDUNDANGDEZUOFENG》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI820YE。

147MAOZEDONG:《GAIZAOWOMENDEXUEXI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI797YE。

148ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1893—1949)》ZHONGJUAN,DI414YE。

配资推荐聚股盘149MAOZEDONG:《YAOXUEXISHIJIEGEGUODEXIANJINJINGYAN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWAIJIAOWENXUAN》,BEIJING:ZHONGYANGWENXIANCHUBANSHE1994NIANBAN,DI314YE。

150ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1893—1949)》ZHONGJUAN,DI87YE。

151MAOZEDONG:《SHIJIANLUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,DI296YE。

配资推荐聚股盘152MAOZEDONG:《JICAIHESENDEXIN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI1JUAN,DI4YE。

153MAOZEDONG:《WEIXINLISHIGUANDEPOCHAN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI4JUAN,DI1515YE。

154GONGYUZHI:《TINGMAOZEDONGTANZHEXUE》,ZAI《GONGYUZHIHUIYI:“YANWANGDIAN”JIUSHI》,DI222YE。

配资推荐聚股盘155MAOZEDONG:《ZAIGUANGZHOUZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYISHANGDEJIANGHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI8JUAN,DI263—264YE。

156MAOZEDONG:《TONGMEIGUOJIZHESINUODETANHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI2JUAN,DI240YE。

配资推荐聚股盘157MAOZEDONG:《RUHEYANJIUZHONGGONGDANGSHI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI2JUAN,DI407YE。

158ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1949—1976)》DI3JUAN,DI591YE。

159MAOZEDONG:《GAIZAOWOMENDEXUEXI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI802YE。

160MAOZEDONG:《ZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGQUANGUOXUANCHUANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGDEJIANGHUA》,《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI7JUAN,DI281YE。

配资推荐聚股盘161MAOZEDONG:《RUHEYANJIUZHONGGONGDANGSHI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI2JUAN,DI408YE。

162SIDALIN:《LUNMINZUWENTI》,SHENYANG:DONGBEISHUDIAN1948NIANBAN,DI132YE。

163MAOZEDONG:《XINMINZHUZHUYILUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI707YE。

164MAOZEDONG:《ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIMINZUZHANZHENGZHONGDEDIWEI》,《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI533—534YE。

配资推荐聚股盘165MAOZEDONG:《ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIMINZUZHANZHENGZHONGDEDIWEI》,ZAIZHUNEISHI(JIANXIU)、MAOZEDONGWENXIANZILIAOYANJIUHUI(BIANJI):《MAOZEDONGJI》DI6JUAN,DI260—261YE。“CHENGJIYICHAN,ZHUANGUOLAIJIUBIANWEIFANGFA”HEGOUKOUXIONGSANDE“YIZHONGGUOWEIFANGFA”,FANGFALUNSHANGSHIFENLEISI。ZAIGOUKOUXIONGSANKANLAI,YIWANG“YISHIJIEWEIFANGFA,YIZHONGGUOWEIMUDE”,ZHEIYANGDEZHONGGUOXUEYOUWENTI,BENZHISHIXIFANGZHONGXINZHUYI。YIZHONGGUOWEIMUDE,JISHITUXIANGSHIJIEZHUZHANGZHONGGUODEDIWEI,ZHEIBIXUYISHIJIEWEIBIAOZHUNLAIHENGLIANGZHONGGUO,ERCI“SHIJIE”RENGSHIOUZHOU,CHENGLEZHONGGUOZHIFANGFA。YAOBAYIYUOUZHOUYUANLIQIETONGYANGZUOWEIBIAOZHUNDEZHONGGUOYUANLITILIANCHULAI,SHIERZHEQITOUBINGJIN,CHUANGZAOCHUXINSHIJIEDETUJING。GOUKOUXIONGSAN:《ZUOWEIFANGFADEZHONGGUO》,BEIJING:SANLIANSHUDIAN2011NIANBAN,DI130—133YE。GOUKOUXIONGSANSHUODE“YISHIJIEWEIFANGFA”,YUMAOZEDONGSUOYANSHIFENLEISI。“MINZUDEXINGSHI,WUCHANJIEJIDENEIRONG”,SHIZHISHIBA“YISHIJIEWEIFANGFA”ZHI“SHIJIE”CONG“OUZHOU”BIANCHENG“SULIAN”,JIBAZHONGGUOZUOWEIYUANLIBINGQIDIAO,ZHISHIWEISULIANDEFUYONG。“CHENGJIYICHAN,ZHUANGUOLAIJIUBIANWEIFANGFA”ZELITUFUXINGZHONGGUOYUANLIZHIDIWEI,QUEBAOZHONGGUOWENTINENGDEYICHEDIJIEJUE。

配资推荐聚股盘166MAOZEDONG:《TONGYINGGUOJIZHESITANYINDETANHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI3JUAN,BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE1996NIANBAN,DI191YE。

配资推荐聚股盘167ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1949—1976)》DI3JUAN,DI332YE。

168MAOZEDONG:《TONGYINLEGONGZUOZHEDETANHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI7JUAN,DI76—83YE。

169LIUSHAOQI:《DASONGLIANGTONGZHI》,ZAI《LIUSHAOQIXUANJI》SHANGJUAN,DI222YE。

配资推荐聚股盘170MAOZEDONG:《XINMINZHUZHUYILUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI707YE。

171MAOZEDONG:《GAIZAOWOMENDEXUEXI》,ZAIZHUNEISHI(JIANXIU)、MAOZEDONGWENXIANZILIAOYANJIUHUI(BIANJI):《MAOZEDONGJI》DI7JUAN,DI313YE。

172JINCHONGJI:《YIBENSHUDELISHI》,BEIJING:ZHONGYANGWENXIANCHUBANSHE2014NIANBAN,DI248YE。

173MAOZEDONG:《SHIJIANLUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,DI284YE。

配资推荐聚股盘174YANGCHANGJI:《GAOXUESHENG》,ZAI《YANGCHANGJIWENJI》,ZHANGSHA:HUNANRENMINCHUBANSHE1981NIANBAN,DI365—366YE。

175MAOZEDONG:《JIANGTANGLU》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGZAOQIWENGAO》,ZHANGSHA:HUNANRENMINCHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI525、530YE。

176MAOZEDONG:《SHIJIANLUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,DI287YE。

177TONGSHANG,DI292YE。

配资推荐聚股盘178GONGYUZHI:《TINGMAOZEDONGTANZHEXUE》,ZAI《GONGYUZHIHUIYI:“YANWANGDIAN”JIUSHI》,DI226YE。

配资推荐聚股盘179MAOZEDONG:《ZHONGGUOGEMINGZHANZHENGDEZHANLVEWENTI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,DI181YE。

180ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1949—1976)》DI3JUAN,DI346YE。

181MAOZEDONG:《ZAIXINMINXUEHUIZHANGSHAHUIYUANDAHUISHANGDEFAYAN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI1JUAN,DI1YE。

182MAOZEDONG:《LUNLIANHEZHENGFU》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI4JUAN,DI1031YE。

183MAOZEDONG:《〈NONGCUNDIAOCHA〉DEXUYANHEBA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI790YE。

184AIDEJIA·SINUO:《MAOZEDONGZICHUAN》,ZHANGZONGHANYI,ZAISINUODENG(ZHU)、LIUTONG(BIANZHU):《ZAONIANMAOZEDONG:CHUANJI、SHILIAOYUHUIYI》,DI6YE。

185MAOZEDONG:《JIYANGSHAOXUAN、QIYANMINGDEXIN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI3JUAN,DI88YE。

186ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1893—1949)》ZHONGJUAN,DI59YE。

配资推荐聚股盘187ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1949—1976)》DI5JUAN,DI401YE。

188MAOZEDONG:《XINMINZHUZHUYILUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI663YE。

189MAOZEDONG:《配资公司 RENDERENSHIWENTI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI8JUAN,DI393YE。

配资推荐聚股盘190MAOZEDONG:《ZAIYANANWENYIZUOTANHUISHANGDEJIANGHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI860YE。

191MAOZEDONG:《〈NONGCUNDIAOCHA〉DEXUYANHEBA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI791—792YE。

配资推荐聚股盘192MAOZEDONG:《LUNLIANHEZHENGFU》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI1096YE。

193MAOZEDONG:《GAIZAOWOMENDEXUEXI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI801YE。

194MAOZEDONG:《ZHONGGUOGEMINGHEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI633YE。

配资推荐聚股盘195MAOZEDONG:《XINMINZHUZHUYILUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI674YE。

196TONGSHANG,DI685YE。

197GONGYUZHI:《TINGMAOZEDONGTANZHEXUE》,ZAI《GONGYUZHIHUIYI:“YANWANGDIAN”JIUSHI》,DI225YE。

198MAOZEDONG:《ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIMINZUZHANZHENGZHONGDEDIWEI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI534YE。

199MAOZEDONG:《BODISANCI“ZUO”QINGLUXIAN(JIEXUAN)》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI2JUAN,DI344YE。

配资推荐聚股盘200MAOZEDONG:《MUQIANXINGSHIHEWOMENDERENWU》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI4JUAN,DI1252YE。

配资推荐聚股盘201MAOZEDONG:《ZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGQUANGUOXUANCHUANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGDEJIANGHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI7JUAN,DI281YE。

202MAOZEDONG:《TONGYINGGUOJIZHESITANYINDETANHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI3JUAN,DI191YE。

203《FENGQIWENJI》DI7JUAN(ZHONGGUOJINDAIZHEXUEDEGEMINGJINCHENG),DI633YE。

配资推荐聚股盘204ZHANGTAIYAN:《LUNJINGSHIRUZHIFENHE》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI591YE。

配资推荐聚股盘205ZHANGTAIYAN:《YUANJING》,ZAIHONGZHIGANG(ZHUBIAN):《ZHANGTAIYANJINGDIANWENCUN》,DI154YE。

206ZHANGTAIYAN:《JINGYIYUZHISHI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI455YE。

配资推荐聚股盘207FANWENLAN:《LISHIYANJIUZHONGDEJIGEWENTI》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI216YE。

配资推荐聚股盘208TONGSHANG,DI208YE。

配资推荐聚股盘209ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANXUEXIA》,DI112YE。

210ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANXUEZHONG》,DI110YE。

配资推荐聚股盘211ZHANGTAIYAN:《LISHIZHIZHONGYAO》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI490YE。

配资推荐聚股盘212ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANXUESHANG》,DI108YE。

213ZHANGTAIYAN:《JINGYIYUZHISHI》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》SHANGCE,DI458YE。

配资推荐聚股盘214MAOZEDONG:《SHIJIANLUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,DI284YE。

215MAOZEDONG:《GAIZAOWOMENDEXUEXI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI798—799YE。

216ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1949—1976)》DI2JUAN,DI546YE。

配资推荐聚股盘217WANGYANGMING:《CHUANXILU》,ZAIWUGUANGDENG(BIANXIAO):《WANGYANGMINGQUANJI》SHANGCE,DI121YE。

配资推荐聚股盘218ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOSHANG》,DI95YE。

219ZHANGTAIYAN:《LUNJINGSHIRUZHIFENHE》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·YANJIANGJI》XIACE,DI595YE。

220ZHANGTAIYAN:《GEMINGDAODESHUO》,ZAI《ZHANGTAIYANQUANJI·TAIYANWENLUCHUBIAN》,DI289—292YE。

221FANWENLAN:《配资公司 ZHONGGUOLISHISHANGDEYIXIEWENTI》,ZAI《FANWENLANQUANJI》DI10JUAN,DI218YE。

222MAOZEDONG:《配资公司 LINGDAOFANGFADERUOGANWENTI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI899YE。

配资推荐聚股盘223MAOZEDONG:《SHIJIANLUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,DI296—297YE。

224ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI(BIAN):《MAOZEDONGNIANPU(1949—1976)》DI5JUAN,DI329YE。

配资推荐聚股盘225MAOZEDONG:《ZAIYANANWENYIZUOTANHUISHANGDEJIANGHUA》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI3JUAN,DI851YE。

226MAOZEDONG:《FANDUIBENBENZHUYI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,DI111YE。

227FANWENLAN:《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEYANBIAN》,ZAI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,DI267YE。

228TONGSHANG,DI299YE。

配资推荐聚股盘229MAOZEDONG:《XINMINZHUZHUYILUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI708YE。

配资推荐聚股盘230MAOZEDONG:《ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIMINZUZHANZHENGZHONGDEDIWEI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,DI534YE。

231MAOZEDONG:《ZHUDONGQUANLAIZISHISHIQIUSHI》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI8JUAN,DI198YE。

232ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·YUANDAOXIA》,DI41YE。

233WANGYANGMING:《CHUANXILU》,ZAIWUGUANGDENG(BIANXIAO):《WANGYANGMINGQUANJI》SHANGCE,DI11YE。

234ZHAOTINGYANG:《LISHIWEIBENDEJINGSHENSHIJIE》,ZAI《JIANGHAIXUEKAN》2018NIANDI5QI。

配资推荐聚股盘235ZHANGXUECHENG:《WENSHITONGYI·SHISHI》,DI272YE。

236CAOJINQING:《BAINIANFUXING:ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDESHIDAIXUSHIYULISHISHIMING》,DI269YE。

237WANGHUI:《XIANDAIZHONGGUOSIXIANGDEXINGQI》SHANGJUANDI1BU(LIYUWU),DI482YE。

238MAOZEDONG:《WEIXINLISHIGUANDEPOCHAN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI4JUAN,DI1516YE。

配资推荐聚股盘239MAOZEDONG:《SHIJIANLUN》,ZAI《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI1JUAN,DI296YE。

【作者简介】张城:中共中央党校文史教研部(Zhang Cheng, Department of Culture and History, Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China)

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配资推荐聚股盘 WENZHANGJINDAIBIAOZUOZHEGUANDIAN,BUDAIBIAOBENZHANLICHANG。ZHUANZAIQINGZHUMINGCHUCHUHEBENWENLIANJIE

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